Human Genetics

, 126:725 | Cite as

Response

  • Michael F. Hammer
  • Doron M. Behar
  • Tatiana M. Karafet
  • Fernando L. Mendez
  • Brian Hallmark
  • Tamar Erez
  • Lev A. Zhivotovsky
  • Saharon Rosset
  • Karl Skorecki
Response

References

  1. Arredi B, Poloni ES, Paracchini S, Zerjal T, Fathallah DM, Makrelouf M, Pascali VL, Novelletto A, Tyler-Smith C (2004) A predominantly neolithic origin for Y-chromosomal DNA variation in North Africa. Am J Hum Genet 75:338–345CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Chandler JF (2006) Estimating per-locus mutation rates. J Genet Geneal 2:27–33Google Scholar
  3. Di Giacomo F, Luca F, Popa LO, Akar N, Anagnou N, Banyko J, Brdicka R, Barbujani G, Papola F, Ciavarella G, Cucci F, Di Stasi L, Gavrila L, Kerimova MG, Kovatchev D, Kozlov AI, Loutradis A, Mandarino V, Mammi C, Michalodimitrakis EN, Paoli G, Pappa KI, Pedicini G, Terrenato L, Tofanelli S, Malaspina P, Novelletto A (2004) Y chromosomal haplogroup J as a signature of the post-neolithic colonization of Europe. Hum Genet 115:357–371CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Forster P, Rohl A, Lunnemann P, Brinkmann C, Zerjal T, Tyler-Smith C, Brinkmann B (2000) A short tandem repeat-based phylogeny for the human Y chromosome. Am J Hum Genet 67:182–196CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Gayden T, Cadenas AM, Regueiro M, Singh NB, Zhivotovsky LA, Underhill PA, Cavalli-Sforza LL, Herrera RJ (2007) The Himalayas as a directional barrier to gene flow. Am J Hum Genet 80:884–894CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Gusmão L, Sanchez-Diz P, Calafell F, Martin P, Alonso CA, Alvarez-Fernandez F, Alves C, Borjas-Fajardo L, Bozzo WR, Bravo ML, Builes JJ, Capilla J, Carvalho M, Castillo C, Catanesi CI, Corach D, Di Lonardo AM, Espinheira R, Fagundes de Carvalho E, Farfan MJ, Figueiredo HP, Gomes I, Lojo MM, Marino M, Pinheiro MF, Pontes ML, Prieto V, Ramos-Luis E, Riancho JA, Souza Goes AC, Santapa OA, Sumita DR, Vallejo G, Vidal Rioja L, Vide MC, Vieira da Silva CI, Whittle MR, Zabala W, Zarrabeitia MT, Alonso A, Carracedo A, Amorim A (2005) Mutation rates at Y chromosome specific microsatellites. Hum Mutat 26:520–528CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Heyer E, Zietkiewicz E, Rochowski A, Yotova V, Puymirat J, Labuda D (2001) Phylogenetic and familial estimates of mitochondrial substitution rates: study of control region mutations in deep-rooting pedigrees. Am J Hum Genet 69:1113–1126CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Sengupta S, Zhivotovsky LA, King R, Mehdi SQ, Edmonds CA, Chow CE, Lin AA, Mitra M, Sil SK, Ramesh A, Usha Rani MV, Thakur CM, Cavalli-Sforza LL, Majumder PP, Underhill PA (2006) Polarity and temporality of high-resolution Y-chromosome distributions in India identify both indigenous and exogenous expansions and reveal minor genetic influence of Central Asian pastoralists. Am J Hum Genet 78:202–221CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Xue Y, Zerjal T, Bao W, Zhu S, Lim SK, Shu Q, Xu J, Du R, Fu S, Li P, Yang H, Tyler-Smith C (2005) Recent spread of a Y-chromosomal lineage in northern China and Mongolia. Am J Hum Genet 77:1112–1116CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Zhivotovsky LA, Underhill PA (2005) On the evolutionary mutation rate at Y-chromosome STRs: comments on paper by Di Giacomo et al. (2004). Hum Genet 116: 529–532Google Scholar
  11. Zhivotovsky LA, Underhill PA, Cinnioglu C, Kayser M, Morar B, Kivisild T, Scozzari R, Cruciani F, Destro-Bisol G, Spedini G, Chambers GK, Herrera RJ, Yong KK, Gresham D, Tournev I, Feldman MW, Kalaydjieva L (2004) The effective mutation rate at Y chromosome short tandem repeats, with application to human population-divergence time. Am J Hum Genet 74:50–61CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Zhivotovsky LA, Underhill PA, Feldman MW (2006) Difference between evolutionarily effective and germ line mutation rate due to stochastically varying haplogroup size. Mol Biol Evol 23:2268–2270CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael F. Hammer
    • 1
    • 2
  • Doron M. Behar
    • 3
  • Tatiana M. Karafet
    • 1
  • Fernando L. Mendez
    • 2
  • Brian Hallmark
    • 1
  • Tamar Erez
    • 1
  • Lev A. Zhivotovsky
    • 4
  • Saharon Rosset
    • 5
  • Karl Skorecki
    • 3
    • 6
  1. 1.ARL Division of BiotechnologyUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  2. 2.Department of EEBUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  3. 3.Molecular Medicine LaboratoryRambam Health Care CampusHaifaIsrael
  4. 4.Institute of General GeneticsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Department of Statistics and Operations Research, School of Mathematical SciencesTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  6. 6.Rappaport Faculty of Medicine and Research InstituteTechnion, Israel Institute of TechnologyHaifaIsrael

Personalised recommendations