Germ-line DNA copy number variation frequencies in a large North American population
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Genomic copy number variation (CNV) is a recently identified form of global genetic variation in the human genome. The Affymetrix GeneChip 100 and 500 K SNP genotyping platforms were used to perform a large-scale population-based study of CNV frequency. We constructed a genomic map of 578 CNV regions, covering approximately 220 Mb (7.3%) of the human genome, identifying 183 previously unknown intervals. Copy number changes were observed to occur infrequently (<1%) in the majority (>93%) of these genomic regions, but encompass hundreds of genes and disease loci. This North American population-based map will be a useful resource for future genetic studies.
KeywordsAffymetrix GeneChip Copy Number Change Copy Number Alteration Population Frequency Copy Number Gain
This work was supported by the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health under RFA # CA-96-011 (to SG & MC) and through cooperative agreements with members of the Colon Cancer Family Registry and P.I.s. The content of this manuscript does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the National Cancer Institute or any of the collaborating institutions or investigators in the Colon CFR, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the US Government or the Colon CFR. SG is the recipient of a grant from the Lustgarten Foundation for Pancreas Cancer Research, which also supported this work. Cancer Care Ontario, as the host organization to the ARCTIC Genome Project, acknowledges that this Project was funded by Genome Canada through the Ontario Genomics Institute, by Génome Québec, the Ministère du Développement Économique et Régional et de la Recherche du Québec and the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research. GZ is a Scholar of the Society of University Surgeons and a recipient of a Terry Fox Foundation Research Fellowship from the National Cancer Institute of Canada. The authors thank Dr. S. Ogawa for providing early access to CNAG version 2, Drs. C. Marshall and L. Feuk for their advice, Dr. D. Daftary, and Ms. T. Selander, Dr. Ling Liu and the Mount Sinai Hospital Biospecimen Repository for technical assistance.
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