A novel locus for autosomal dominant “uncomplicated” hereditary spastic paraplegia maps to chromosome 8p21.1-q13.3
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Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous. Both “uncomplicated” and “complicated” forms have been described, with autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, and X-linked inheritance. Hitherto, ten autosomal dominant “uncomplicated” HSP (ADHSP) loci have been mapped. Here, we report linkage of ADHSP with markers of the 8p21.1-q13.3 chromosomal region in a large French family, including 29 examined at-risk individuals. The age at onset varied from 8 to 60 years with a mean of 31.6 ± 16.4 years. Multipoint and two-point LOD-score calculations as well as haplotype reconstruction in this region gave support to the location of this novel ADHSP locus (SPG37) in a 43.5 cM genetic interval flanked by loci D8S1839 and D8S1795. The region was shared by all definitely (n = 13), probably (n = 3) and possibly (n = 2) affected patients with a maximum LOD score of 4.20 at the D8S601 locus. Two candidate genes, encoding the kinesin family member 13B and neuregulin 1 (isoforms SMDF and GFF2), were screened for mutations, but no disease-causing alterations were identified. Interestingly, another region, on chromosome 10q22.3-23.31, was found to segregate in all affected patients (but not in probably or possibly affected subjects) and in a high proportion of healthy at risk individuals, suggesting that this locus might act as a modifier of the phenotype.