Juvenile polyposis: massive gastric polyposis is more common in MADH4 mutation carriers than in BMPR1A mutation carriers
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Juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) is an autosomal dominant predisposition to multiple juvenile polyps in the gastrointestinal tract. Germline mutations in the MADH4 or BMPR1A genes have been found to be causative of the disease in a subset of JPS patients. So far, no genotype-phenotype correlation has been reported. We examined 29 patients with the clinical diagnosis of JPS for germline mutations in the MADH4 or BMPR1A genes and identified MADH4 mutations in seven (24%) and BMPR1A mutations in five patients (17%). A remarkable prevalence of massive gastric polyposis was observed in patients with MADH4 mutations when compared with patients with BMPR1A mutations or without identified mutations. This is the first genotype-phenotype correlation observed in JPS.
KeywordsGermline Mutation Juvenile Polyposis Juvenile Polyposis Syndrome Gastric Polyposis Bone Morphogenic Protein Receptor
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