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Human Genetics

, Volume 110, Issue 6, pp 592–600 | Cite as

Homogeneity and distinctiveness of Polish paternal lineages revealed by Y chromosome microsatellite haplotype analysis

  • Rafal Ploski
  • Marcin Wozniak
  • Ryszard Pawlowski
  • Dorota Monies
  • Wojciech Branicki
  • Tomasz Kupiec
  • Ate Kloosterman
  • Tadeusz Dobosz
  • Elena Bosch
  • Magdalena Nowak
  • Rüdiger Lessig
  • Mark A. Jobling
  • Lutz Roewer
  • Manfred Kayser
Original Investigation

Abstract.

Different regional populations from Poland were studied in order to assess the genetic heterogeneity within Poland, investigate the genetic relationships with other European populations and provide a population-specific reference database for anthropological and forensic studies. Nine Y-chromosomal microsatellites were analysed in a total of 919 unrelated males from six regions of Poland and in 1,273 male individuals from nine other European populations. AMOVA revealed that all of the molecular variation in the Polish dataset is due to variation within populations, and no variation was detected among populations of different regions of Poland. However, in the non-Polish European dataset 9.3% (P<0.0001) of the total variation was due to differences among populations. Consequently, differences in RST-values between all possible pairs of Polish populations were not statistically significant, whereas significant differences were observed in nearly all comparisons of Polish and non-Polish European populations. Phylogenetic analyses demonstrated tight clustering of Polish populations separated from non-Polish groups. Population clustering based on Y-STR haplotypes generally correlates well with the geography and history of the region. Thus, our data are consistent with the assumption of homogeneity of present-day paternal lineages within Poland and their distinctiveness from other parts of Europe, at least in respect to their Y-STR haplotypes. Electronic supplementary material to this paper can be obtained by using the Springer LINK server located at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00439-002-0728-0.

Keywords

Short Tandem Repeat Polish Population Paternal Lineage Microsatellite Haplotype Lessig 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rafal Ploski
    • 1
  • Marcin Wozniak
    • 2
  • Ryszard Pawlowski
    • 3
  • Dorota Monies
    • 4
  • Wojciech Branicki
    • 5
  • Tomasz Kupiec
    • 5
  • Ate Kloosterman
    • 6
  • Tadeusz Dobosz
    • 7
  • Elena Bosch
    • 8
  • Magdalena Nowak
    • 1
  • Rüdiger Lessig
    • 9
  • Mark A. Jobling
    • 8
  • Lutz Roewer
    • 10
  • Manfred Kayser
    • 11
  1. 1.Human Molecular Genetics Lab, Department of Forensic Medicine, Warsaw Medical AcademyPoland
  2. 2.Forensic Medicine Institute, L. Rydygier's University School of Medical Sciences, BydgoszczPoland
  3. 3.Institute of Forensic Medicine, Medical University GdañskPoland
  4. 4.Institute of Forensic Medicine, Medical University LublinPoland
  5. 5.Institute of Forensic Research, KrakowPoland
  6. 6.Netherlands Forensic Institute, RijswijkThe Netherlands
  7. 7.Institute of Forensic Medicine, Medical University WroclawPoland
  8. 8.Department of Genetics, University of LeicesterUK
  9. 9.Institute for Legal Medicine, University of LeipzigGermany
  10. 10.Institute for Legal Medicine, Humboldt-University BerlinGermany
  11. 11.Department for Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Inselstrasse 22, 04103 LeipzigGermany

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