Paraoxonase gene Gln192Arg (Q192R) polymorphism is associated with coronary artery spasm
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We recently reported that oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of coronary spasm. We hypothesized that oxidative-stress-related genetic factors and certain polymorphisms in the paraoxonase gene (PON1) and platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) might influence the pathogenesis of coronary spasm. We therefore examined the possible association between the PON1 Q192R or PAF-AH V279F polymorphisms and coronary spasm in 214 patients with coronary spasm and 212 control subjects. Genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. The incidence of the PON1-192R allele was significantly higher in the coronary spasm group than in the control group (65% vs 53%; P=0.0005). The PAF-AH-279F allele was not associated with coronary spasm (15% vs 16%; P=0.8781). Multiple logistic regression analysis with forward stepwise selection involving the PON1-192R allele and the environmental risk factors revealed that the most predictive independent risk factor for coronary spasm was the PON1-192R allele (significance=0.0016, OR=2.52), followed by cigarette smoking (significance=0.0007, OR=2.01). We also measured plasma levels of TBARS (thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances) as a marker of oxidative stress. TBARS levels were higher in R/R types than in Q/Q types (2.115±0.086 nmol/ml [n=25] vs 1.676±0.102 nmol/ml [n=11], P<0.01). Thus, there is a significant association between the PON1-192R allele and coronary spasm; the PON1-192R allele may play an important role in the genesis of coronary spasm, probably by attenuating the suppression of oxidative stress.
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