Two loci on wheat chromosome 5A regulate the differential cold-dependent expression of the cor14b gene in frost-tolerant and frost-sensitive genotypes
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Although cold acclimation in cereals involves the expression of many cold-regulated genes, genetic studies have shown that only very few chromosomal regions carry loci that play an important role in frost tolerance. To investigate the genetic relationship between frost tolerance and the expression of cold-regulated genes, the expression and regulation of the wheat homolog of the barley cold-regulated gene cor14b was studied at various temperatures in frost-sensitive and frost-tolerant wheat genotypes. At 18/15 °C (day/night temperatures) frost-tolerant plants accumulated cor14b mRNAs and expressed COR14b proteins, whereas the sensitive plants did not. This result indicates that the threshold temperature for induction of the wheat cor14b homolog is higher in frost-resistant plants, and allowed us to use this polymorphism in a mapping approach. Studies made with chromosome substitution lines showed that the polymorphism for the threshold induction temperature of the wheat cor14b homolog is controlled by a locus(i) located on chromosome 5A of wheat, while the cor14b gene was mapped in Triticum monococcum on the long arm of chromosome 2Am. The analysis of single chromosome recombinant lines derived from a cross between Chinese Spring/Triticum spelta 5A and Chinese Spring/Cheyenne 5A identified two loci with additive effects that are involved in the genetic control of cor14b mRNA accumulation. The first locus was tightly linked to the marker psr911, while the second one was located between the marker Xpsr2021 and Frost resistance 1 (Fr1).
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