The Drosophila melanogaster gene for the NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase acyl carrier protein: developmental expression analysis and evidence for alternatively spliced forms
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We have isolated the Drosophila melanogaster gene encoding the mitochondrial acyl carrier protein (mtACP), a subunit of NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase involved in de novo fatty acid synthesis in the mitochondrion. This gene expresses two distinct mature transcripts by alternative splicing, which encode mature polypeptides of 86 (mtACP1A) and 88 (mtACP1B) amino acids, respectively. Drosophila mtACP1 is 72% identical to mammalian mtACP, 47% identical to Arabidopsis thaliana mtACP, and 46% identical to Neurospora crassa mtACP. The most highly conserved region encompasses the site that binds pantetheine-4′-phosphate in all known ACPs. Southern analysis of genomic DNA and in situ hybridization to salivary gland chromosomes indicate that a single gene (mtacp1), located at 61F6–8, encodes the two isoforms of D. melanogaster mtACP1. Sequence analysis revealed that the gene contains four exons and that exons IIIA and IIIB are alternatively spliced. A P-element-induced loss-of-function mutation in the mtacp1 gene causes lethality, indicating that the gene is essential for viability. Developmental Northern analysis shows that mtacp1 is expressed at higher levels during late embryogenesis, in the pupa and in the adult. RNA in situ hybridization on embryos indicates that the mtacp1 gene is highly expressed in the tracheal system. Zygotic mtacp1 function is required for both male and female gametogenesis.
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