A comparative transcriptomic analysis in late embryogenesis of the red claw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus
The red claw crayfish (Cherax quadricarinatus) is an emerging and important commercial species in several countries, and is also a potential biological model in crustacean biology. However, its molecular embryonic development mechanism remains largely unknown because of a lack of genomic resources and systematic research. A comprehensive and integrated transcriptomic analysis is necessary to reveal the cell biological function, gene expression profiles, and embryo patterning that occur during embryogenesis. In the present study, transcriptomic profiles of C. quadricarinatus embryos during three developmental stages were investigated by high-throughput Illumina sequencing technology, and the genes related to development were further analyzed. In total, 49,436 unigenes were assembled and clustered, in which 13,727 were annotated in the Nonredundant database, 5087 were classified based on Gene Ontology annotations, and 2735 were associated with 189 Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways. Furthermore, gene expression differences among the embryos stages were analyzed, and 6658 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified. In total, 3300, 5211, and 1262 DEGs were identified between the eye pigments forming stage (EP) and prepare-hatching stage (PH), EP and larvae (L), as well as PH and L; meanwhile, 1595, 2540 and 680 DEGs were annotated, respectively. The fundamental developmental genes related to apoptosis, neurogenesis, and segmentation, as well as signaling pathways related to Hedgehog, MAPK, Wnt, TGF-β and Notch, showed higher expression during the EP stage than in other two stages, indicating that the EP stage has more active biological processes than the latter stages. This transcriptome studies gene expression at different stages of embryonic development and the datasets provide a basis for understanding crustacean developmental biology and guiding seedling production.
KeywordsCherax quadricarinatus Embryonic development Transcriptome
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (U1706209) and the Marine S&T Fund of Shandong Province for National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (2018SDKJ0502-2).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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