Over-expression of the red plant gene R1 enhances anthocyanin production and resistance to bollworm and spider mite in cotton
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Anthocyanins are a class of pigments ubiquitously distributed in plants and play roles in adoption to several stresses. The red plant gene (R1) promotes light-induced anthocyanin accumulation and red/purple pigmentation in cotton. Using 11 markers developed via genome resequencing, the R1 gene was located in an interval of approximately 136 kb containing three annotated genes. Among them, a PAP1 homolog, GhPAP1D (Gohir.D07G082100) displayed differential transcript level in the red- and green-plant leaves. GhPAP1D encoded a R2R3-MYB transcription factor and its over-expression resulted in increased anthocyanin accumulation in transgenic tobaccos and cottons. Dual luciferase assay indicated that GhPAP1D activated the promoters of several cotton anthocyanin structural genes in tobacco leaves. Importantly, we found that the GhPAP1D-overexpressing cotton leaves had increased resistance to both bollworm and spite mite. Our data demonstrated that GhPAP1D was the controlling gene of the red plant phenotype in cotton, and as the major anthocyanin regulator, this gene was potential to create transgenic cottons with resistance to a broad spectrum of herbivores.
KeywordsAnthocyanin Bollworm Cotton Herbivore resistance Red plant R1 gene R2R3-MYB Spider mite Transcription factor
This study was partially funded by the Genetically Modified Organisms Breeding Major Project of China (2016ZX08005005-001 to Y.H.X.), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31571582 and 31871539 to Y.H.X.) and the Chongqing Project of Basic and Frontier Research (cstc2015jcyjA80001 to Y.H.X.).
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Conflict of interest
All the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human/animal rights statement
This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.
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