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Molecular Genetics and Genomics

, Volume 290, Issue 5, pp 1963–1977 | Cite as

Transcriptomic profiles of the smoke tree wilt fungus Verticillium dahliae under nutrient starvation stresses

  • Dianguang Xiong
  • Yonglin WangEmail author
  • Chengming Tian
Original Paper

Abstract

Verticillium dahliae is a notorious plant pathogen that causes vascular wilt on more than 200 plant species. During plant infection, efficient pathogen nutrition during the interaction with the host is a requisite for successful infection. However, little attention has been focused on nutrient uptake and starvation responses in this fungus. Here, we used RNA-Seq to analyze the response of V. dahliae to nutrient starvation, including carbon and nitrogen depletion. Gene expression profile analysis showed that 1854 genes were differentially expressed under carbon starvation (852 upregulated and 539 downregulated genes) and nitrogen starvation (487 upregulated and 291 downregulated genes). Among the differentially expressed genes, genes involved in utilization or production acetyl-CoA, including glycolysis, fatty acid biosynthesis or metabolism, and melanin biosynthesis, were repressed under carbon starvation, whereas melanin biosynthesis genes were strongly induced under nitrogen starvation. These results, combined with VDH1 expression data, suggested that melanin biosynthesis and microsclerotia development were induced under nitrogen starvation, but microsclerotia development was suppressed under carbon starvation. Furthermore, many genes encoding carbohydrate-active enzymes and secreted proteins were induced under carbon starvation. Overall, the results improve our understanding of the response of V. dahliae to nutrient starvation and help to identify potential virulence factors for the development of novel disease control strategies.

Keywords

Verticillium dahliae Nutrient starvation Melanin biosynthesis Carbohydrate-active enzymes 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The research was funded by Beijing Higher Education Young Elite Teacher Project (YETP0737), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31370013), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (BLYJ201507).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Compliance with ethical standards

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 5 (TIFF 5655 kb) Additional file 5: Fig. S1 Validation of the digital gene expression (DGE) patterns. The expression patterns obtained by qRT-PCR analysis for the selected genes were similar to those obtained by DGE analysis
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Supplementary material 6 (TIFF 14581 kb) Additional file 6: Fig. S2 Differences in microsclerotia formation under different incubation conditions. (a) Macro- and micro-view of microsclerotia formation under BM, BM-C, and BM-N after incubation for an additional 2 days with 150 rpm shaking (as described in the Materials and methods). (b) Macro- and micro-view of microsclerotia formation under BM, BM-C, and BM-N after incubation for an additional 2 days with stationary culture. In order to photograph the cultures, about 1.5 ml culture solution was sampled and centrifuged
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Supplementary material 7 (TIFF 6791 kb) Additional file 7: Fig. S3 Differences in microsclerotia formation under different incubation conditions after culture for 20 days. (a) Macro-view of microsclerotia formation under BM-C and BM-N after incubation for an additional 20 days with 150 rpm shaking (as described in the Materials and methods). (b) Macro-view of microsclerotia formation under BM-C and BM-N after incubation for an additional 20 days with stationary culture. In order to photograph the cultures, about 1 ml culture solution was sampled and centrifuged

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation of Ministry of Education, College of ForestryBeijing Forestry UniversityBeijingChina

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