Vertical inheritance and bursts of transposition have shaped the evolution of the BS non-LTR retrotransposon in Drosophila

  • Adriana Granzotto
  • Fabrício R. Lopes
  • Cristina Vieira
  • Claudia M. A. CararetoEmail author
Original Paper


The history of transposable elements over evolutionary time can often be partially reconstructed on the basis of genome analysis. In this study, we identified and extensively characterized the NLTR BS retrotransposon in 12 sequenced Drosophila genomes, by its sequence diversity within and among genomes, its degeneration pattern and its transcriptional activity. We show that the BS element has a variable copy number and patchy distribution within the Drosophila genus, that it is at distinct stages of the evolutionary cycle in the different Drosophila species and that its evolution is characterized by vertical transmission and by bursts of transposition in certain species.


NLTR BS retrotransposon Transposition burst Transposable element vertical inheritance 



Long terminal repeat


Non-long terminal repeat


Long interspersed nuclear element


Transposable element



Funding for this project was provided by the Brazilian agencies São Paulo Research Foundation (07/53097-0 to C.M.A.C and fellowship 07/50641-1 to A.G), the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (to C.M.A.C) and the CAPES-PDEE (4666-08-9 to A.G.), as well as by the French Mobilité Internationale Rhône- Alpes project from the Région Rhône-Alpes (to C.V. and A.G.), the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/São Paulo Research Foundation (joint program to C.V. and C.M.A.C.), L’Agence Nationale de la Recherche GeneMobile (to C.V) and the Institute Universitaire de France (to C.V.). We thank R. Rebollo for her comments and technical help and M. Ghosh for correcting the English text.

Supplementary material

438_2011_629_MOESM1_ESM.doc (740 kb)
Supplementary material (DOC 740 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adriana Granzotto
    • 1
  • Fabrício R. Lopes
    • 1
  • Cristina Vieira
    • 2
  • Claudia M. A. Carareto
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Molecular Evolution, Department of BiologyUNESP, São Paulo State UniversitySão José do Rio PretoBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie EvolutiveUniversité de Lyon; Université Lyon 1; CNRS; UMR 5558VilleurbanneFrance

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