An integrated physical and genetic map of the nematode Pristionchus pacificus
The free-living nematode Pristionchus pacificus is one of several species that have recently been developed as a satellite system for comparative functional studies in evolutionary developmental biology. Comparisons of developmental processes between P. pacificus and the well established model organism Caenorhabditis elegans at the cellular and genetic levels provide detailed insight into the molecular changes that shape evolutionary transitions. To facilitate genetic analysis and cloning of mutations in P. pacificus, we previously generated a BAC-based genetic linkage map for this organism. Here, we describe the construction of a physical map of the P. pacificus genome based on AFLP fingerprint analysis of 7747 BAC clones. Most of the SSCP markers used to generate the genetic linkage map were derived from BAC ends, so that the physical genome map and the genetic map can be integrated. The contigs that make up the physical map are evenly distributed over the genetic linkage map and no clustering is observed, indicating that the physical map provides a valid representation of the P. pacificus genome. The integrated genome map thus provides a framework for positional cloning and the study of genome evolution in nematodes.
KeywordsPristionchus pacificus Caenorhabditis elegans Genomics Physical map Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP)
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