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Parasitology Research

, Volume 87, Issue 8, pp 651–656 | Cite as

Anti-Acanthamoeba IgG, IgM, and IgA immunoreactivities in correlation to strain pathogenicity

  •  J. Walochnik
  •  A. Obwaller
  •  E.-M. Haller-Schober
  •  H. Aspöck
Original Paper

Abstract.

Several representatives of the genus Acanthamoeba are known as causative agents of Acanthamoeba keratitis and granulomatous amoebic encephalitis. These occur predominantly in the immunocompromised host, but it is still unclear what primes the amoebae for pathogenicity. The aim of this study was to assess possible immunological differences between a highly pathogenic and a nonpathogenic Acanthamoeba strain. A total of 20 sera, including two sera of Acanthamoeba keratitis patients, were tested for anti-Acanthamoeba IgG, IgM, and IgA immunoreactivities using immunoblotting. All sera were positive for Acanthamoeba, revealing two predominant bands at 29 kDa and at 47 kDa, respectively. Interestingly, IgG and particularly IgA immunoreactivity enabled a clear discrimination between the pathogenic and nonpathogenic strains. Moreover, compared to the control sera, the two sera of Acanthamoeba keratitis patients showed rather weak immunoreactivities and they lacked the 29 kDa and the 47 kDa band in the IgA immunoblot against the pathogenic strain. The results of our study support the assumption that immunological predisposition might also be of importance in Acanthamoeba keratitis.

Keywords

Encephalitis Causative Agent Keratitis Pathogenic Strain Control Seron 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  •  J. Walochnik
    • 1
  •  A. Obwaller
    • 1
  •  E.-M. Haller-Schober
    • 1
  •  H. Aspöck
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical Parasitology, Clinical Institute of Hygiene, University of Vienna, Kinderspitalgasse 15, 1095 Vienna, Austria

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