Cryptosporidium parvum Genotype 2 infections in free-ranging mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) of the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda
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For behavioral research and due to growing ecotourism, some populations of free-ranging mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) have become habituated to humans. Molecular analysis of two Cryptosporidium sp. oocyst isolates originating from two human-habituated gorilla groups and two oocyst isolates from non-habituated gorillas yielded positive identification of C. parvum Genotype 2 (G2; i.e., "cattle", "animal-adapted", or "zoonotic"). As G2 is cross-transmissible between humans and animals, C. parvum infections can be propagated in the habitats of human-habituated, free-ranging gorillas through both zoonotic and anthroponotic transmission cycles.
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