Coccidia of Columbiformes: a taxonomic review of its Eimeriidae species and Eimeria columbinae n. sp. from Columbina talpacoti (Temminck, 1809) from Brazil

  • Carlos Nei Ortúzar-Ferreira
  • Mariana S. Oliveira
  • Jhon Lennon Genovez-Oliveira
  • Heider A. Franco
  • Sergio Thode-Filho
  • Sergian V. Cardozo
  • Águida A. Oliveira
  • Viviane M. Lima
  • Ildemar Ferreira
  • Bruno P. BertoEmail author
Protozoology - Original Paper


Coccidia (Chromista: Miozoa: Eimeriidae) of columbiform birds (Aves: Columbiformes) have been described since the end of the nineteenth century; however, some of these descriptions were poorly detailed or inconclusive. In this sense, the current work makes a detailed taxonomic revision reconsidering and organizing 18 Eimeria spp. and two Isospora spp. previously described or reported of Columbiformes. Along with this, a new species of Eimeria is morphologically and molecularly identified by the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COI) gene and by the 18S small subunit ribosomal RNA (18S) gene from the ruddy ground-dove Columbina talpacoti (Temminck, 1809) in the Médio Paraíba region of the State of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil. Eimeria columbinae n. sp. has subspheroidal oocysts, 14.7 × 13.2 μm, with smooth, bi-layered wall, ~ 1.1 μm and length/width ratio of 1.1. Micropyle and oocyst residuum are present, but polar granule is absent. Sporocysts are ellipsoidal to slightly asymmetrical, 9.0 × 5.1 μm, with both Stieda and sub-Stieda bodies. Sporocyst residuum present and sporozoites with refractile body and nucleus. This is the 19th description of an eimerian from Columbiformes in the World, and the second to have a molecular identification of the COI and 18S genes.


Taxonomy Morphology Sequencing Coccidia Oocysts Columbidae Médio Paraíba Region Rio de Janeiro Brazil 



We are thankful to the staff at the Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio de Janeiro (Campus Pinheiral), and the landowner at Santa Rita de Cássia in the Municipality of Barra Mansa, RJ, who allowed us to access and use some facilities during the expeditions.


This study was supported by Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), and Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

Field-collecting permits were issued to B.P. Berto by SISBIO/ICMBio (license 42798-1) and CEUA/UFRRJ (protocol IV-6606250616).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Nei Ortúzar-Ferreira
    • 1
  • Mariana S. Oliveira
    • 2
  • Jhon Lennon Genovez-Oliveira
    • 2
  • Heider A. Franco
    • 3
  • Sergio Thode-Filho
    • 3
    • 4
  • Sergian V. Cardozo
    • 5
  • Águida A. Oliveira
    • 6
  • Viviane M. Lima
    • 6
  • Ildemar Ferreira
    • 6
  • Bruno P. Berto
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Curso de Graduação em Medicina Veterinária, Instituto de VeterináriaUniversidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ)SeropédicaBrazil
  2. 2.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia AnimalInstituto de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde (ICBS), UFRRJSeropédicaBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio de JaneiroPinheiralBrazil
  4. 4.Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação em AgropecuáriaUFRRJSeropédicaBrazil
  5. 5.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biomedicina TranslacionalUniversidade do Grande RioDuque de CaxiasBrazil
  6. 6.Departamento de Biologia AnimalICBS, UFRRJSeropédicaBrazil

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