Crenosoma vulpis in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Northern Italy

  • Benedetto MorandiEmail author
  • Sofia Bertaso
  • Gary Conboy
  • Andrea Gustinelli
  • Roberta Galuppi
  • Giovanni Tosi
  • Giovanni Poglayen
Helminthology - Short Communication


Crenosoma vulpis, the fox lungworm, is a nematode parasite of wild and domestic canids belonging to the super-family Metastrongyloidea. A survey of infection was carried out examining 88 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) obtained during the regular hunting season (2014–2015) from the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. Carcasses were stored frozen (− 21 °C) prior to necropsy. Lungs were examined for the presence of adult worms by dissection of the trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles, and then the lung tissue was examined for first-stage larvae (L1) by the Baermann method. No adult stages were detected, but L1, identified based on morphology as Crenosoma vulpis, were recovered from 28.4% (25/88) of the fox lungs. No significant differences in infection were found based on sex or geographical distribution. A brief review on C. vulpis report in red foxes in Italy and other European countries was also carried out.


Red fox Vulpes vulpes Crenosoma vulpis Emilia-Romagna Italy 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benedetto Morandi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sofia Bertaso
    • 1
  • Gary Conboy
    • 2
  • Andrea Gustinelli
    • 1
  • Roberta Galuppi
    • 1
  • Giovanni Tosi
    • 3
  • Giovanni Poglayen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Medical SciencesAlma Mater Studiorum University of BolognaOzzano EmiliaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Pathology and MicrobiologyAtlantic Veterinary CollegeCharlottetownCanada
  3. 3.Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell’Emilia Romagna “Bruno Ubertini”(IZSLER)ForlìItaly

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