Advertisement

The impacts of geographic and host species isolation on population divergence of Myxobolus lentisuturalis

  • Mao Wang
  • Yuanjun Zhao
  • Chengzhong YangEmail author
Fish Parasitology - Short Communication
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

Samples of Myxobolus lentisuturalis were found in the gallbladder of Carassius auratus in Chongqing, China, without obvious disease symptoms, which were different from samples reported in Hubei, China, and Italy which were described as highly pathogenic muscle-infecting species. In order to improve our understanding of the relationships between these different samples, we analyzed geography, DNA sequence data, and site specificity. The results indicated that (1) the genetic relationship between Chongqing and Italy samples of M. lentisuturalis was much closer than relationship between each of them and the Hubei samples; (2) host species isolation was more important than the geographic isolation in divergence of M. lentisuturalis samples, and the species might be specialized among its different host species; and (3) geographic isolation and infection-site variation played a limited impact in genetic differentiation among different samples of M. lentisuturalis infecting the same host species.

Keywords

Myxobolus lentisuturalis Geography Host species Isolation Divergence Infection site 

Notes

Funding information

This work was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (nos. 31471980, 31501845, and 31672280), project of Chongqing Science & Technology Commission (no. cstc2017jcyjAX0165).

References

  1. Abdel-Ghaffar F, Abdel-Baki AA, Garhy MEI (2005) Ultrastructural characteristics of the sporogenesis of genus Myxobolus infecting some Nile fishes in Egypt. Parasitol Res 95:167–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abdel-Ghaffar F, Morsy K, Mehlhorn H, Bashtar AR, Shazly MA, Saad AH, Abdel-Gaber R (2012) First report of Kudoa species (Myxozoa: Kudoidae) infecting the spotted coral grouper Plectropomus maculates from the Red Sea. A light and ultrastructural study. Parasitol Res 111:1579–1585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Adriano EA, Carriero MM, Maia AA et al (2012) Phylogenetic and host-parasite relationship analysis of Henneguya multiplasmodialis n. sp. infecting Pseudoplatystoma spp. in Brazilian Pantanal wetland. Vet Parasitol 185:110–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ali M, Abdel-Baki A, Sakran T (2006) Myxidium elmatboulii n. sp. and Ceratomyxa ghaffari n. sp.(Myxozoa: Myxosporea) parasitic in the gallbladder of the Red Sea houndfish Tylosurus choram (Ruppell, 1837)(Teleostei: Belonidae) from the Red Sea, Egypt. Acta Protozool 45:97–103Google Scholar
  5. Atkinson SD, Jones SR, Adlard RD, Bartholomew JL (2011) Geographical and host distribution patterns of parvicapsula minibicornis (myxozoa) small subunit ribosomal RNA genetic types. Parasitology 138:969–977CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Barta JR, Martin DS, Liberator PA, Dashkevicz M, Anderson JW, Feighner SD, Elbrecht A, Perkins-Barrow A, Jenkins MC, Danforth HD, Ruff MD, Profous-Juchelka H (1997) Phylogenetic relationships among eight Eimeria species infecting domestic fowl inferred using complete small subunit ribosomal DNA sequences. J Parasitol 83:262–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Caffara M, Raimondi E, Florio D, Marcer F, Quaglio F, Fioravanti ML (2009) The life cycle of Myxobolus lentisuturalis (Myxozoa: Myxobolidae), from goldfish (Carassius auratus auratus), involves a Raabeia-type actinospore. Folia Parasit 56:6–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Canning EU, Curry A, Feist SW, Longshaw M, Okamura B (1999) Tetracapsula bryosalmonae n. sp. for PKX organism the cause of PKD in salmonid fish. B Eur Assoc Fish Pat 19:203–206Google Scholar
  9. Carriero MM, Adriano EA, Silva MR, Ceccarelli PS, Maia AA (2013) Molecular phylogeny of the Myxobolus and Henneguya genera with several new South American species. PLoS One 8:e73713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Criscione CD, Poulin R, Blouin MS (2005) Molecular ecology of parasites: elucidating ecological and microevolutionary processes. Mol Ecol 14:2247–2257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dietrich M, Gómez-Díaz E, McCoy KD (2011) Worldwide distribution and diversity of seabird ticks: implications for the ecology and epidemiology of tick-borne pathogens. Vector-Borne Zoonot 11:453–470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dyková I, Fiala I, Nie P (2002) Myxobolus lentisuturalis sp. n.(Myxozoa: Myxobolidae), a new muscle-infecting species from the Prussian carp, Carassius gibelio from China. Folia Parasit 49:253–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Feist SW, Longshaw M (2006) Phylum Myxozoa. In: woo, P. T. K. (ed.), fish diseases and disorders: protozoan and metazoan infections. CABI Publishing, Wallingford 1:230–296Google Scholar
  14. Gilchrist JDF (1924) A protozoal parasite (Chloromyxum thyrsites sp. n.) of the Cape sea-fish, the “snoek” (Thyrsites atun, Euphr.). Trans R Soc S Afr 11:263–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Henderson M, Okamura B (2004) The phylogeography of salmonid proliferative kidney disease in Europe and North America. Proc Biol Sci 271:1729–1736CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hillis DM, Dixon MT (1991) Ribosomal DNA: molecular evolution and phylogenetic inference. Q Rev Biol 66:411–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hofer B (1903) Über die Drehkrankheit der Regenbogenforelle. Allg Fisch-Ztg 28:7–8Google Scholar
  18. Hogge CI, Campbell MR, Johnson KA (2008) A new species of myxozoan (Myxosporea) from the brain and spinal cord of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) from Idaho. J Parasitol 94:218–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Karlsbakk E, Køie M (2012) The marine myxosporean Sigmomyxa sphaerica (Thélohan, 1895) gen. n., comb. n. (syn. Myxidium sphaericum) from garfish (Belone belone (L.)) uses the polychaete Nereis pelagica L. as invertebrate host. Parasitol Res 110:211–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kent ML, Andree KB, Bartholomew JL, El-Matbouli M, Desser SS, Devlin RH, Feist SW, Hedrick RP, Hoffmann RW, Khattra J, Hallett SL, Lester RJG, Longshaw M, Palenzeula O, Siddall ME, Xiao C (2001) Recent advances in our knowledge of the Myxozoa. J Eukaryot Microbiol 48:395–413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kent ML, Whitaker DJ, Dawe SC (1997) Parvicapsula minibicornis n. sp. (Myxozoa, Myxosporea) from the kidney of sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) from British Columbia, Canada. J Parasitol 83:1153–1156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Liu XC, Yang CZ, Zhao YJ (2016) Redescription of myxobolus honghuensis liu et al. 2012 and identification on its genetic related species. Acta Hydrobiol Sin 40:350–357Google Scholar
  23. Liu Y, Whipps CM, Gu ZM, Zeng C, Huang MJ (2012) Myxobolus honghuensis n. sp. (Myxosporea: Bivalvulida) parasitizing the pharynx of allogynogenetic gibel carp Carassius auratus gibelio (Bloch) from Honghu Lake, China. Parasitol Res 110:1331–1336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lu HD, Cai SJ, Zhu YT, Mao M (2012) Morphological and molecular analysis of Myxobolus pharynae n. sp. (Myxosporea) causing high mortality of Carassius auratus gibelio in pond aquaculture, China. Marin Fish 34:406–416Google Scholar
  25. Lodh N, Kerans BL, Stevens L (2012) The parasite that causes whirling disease, Myxobolus cerebralis, is genetically variable within and across spatial scales. J Eukaryot Microbiol 59:80–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. McCoy KD, Boulinier T, Tirard C, Michalakis Y (2003) Host-dependent genetic structure of parasite populations: differential dispersal of seabird tick host races. Evolution 57:288–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Molnár K, Marton S, Eszterbauer E, Székely C (2006) Comparative morphological and molecular studies on Myxobolus spp. infecting chub from the River Danube, Hungary, and description of Myxobolus muellericus sp. n. Dis Aquat Org 73:49–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Molnár K, Marton S, Eszterbauer E, Székely C (2007) Description of Myxobolus gayerae sp. n. and re-description of M. leuciscini infecting European chub from the Hungarian stretch of the river Danube. Dis Aquat Org 78:147–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Molnár K, Marton S, Székely C, Eszterbauer E (2010) Differentiation of Myxobolus spp.(Myxozoa: Myxobolidae) infecting roach (Rutilus rutilus) in Hungary. Parasitol Res 107:1137–1150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Székely C, Molnár K (1999) Myxobolus infection of the gills of common bream (Abramis brama L.) in Lake Balaton and in the Kis-Balaton reservoir, Hungary. Acta Vet Hung 47:419–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Okamura B, Gruhl A, Bartholomew JL (2015) An introduction to Myxozoan evolution, ecology and development//Myxozoan evolution, ecology and development. Springer International Publishing pp:1–20Google Scholar
  32. Thélohan P (1895) Recherches sur les Myxosporidies. Bull Sci Fr Belg 5:100–394Google Scholar
  33. Urawa S, Iida Y, Freeman MA, Yanagida T, Karlsbakk E, Yokoyama H (2009) Morphological and molecular comparisons of Myxobolus spp. in the nerve tissues of salmonid fishes with the description of Myxobolus murakamii n. sp. the causative agent of myxosporean sleeping disease. Fish Pathol 44:72–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Whipps CM, Adlard RD, Bryant MS, Lester RJ, Findlav V, Kent ML (2003) First report of three Kudoa species from eastern Australia: Kudoa thyrsites from mahi mahi (Coryphaena hippurus), Kudoa amamiensis and Kudoa minithyrsites n. sp. from sweeper (Pempheris ypsilychnus). J Eukaryot Microbiol 50:215–219Google Scholar
  35. Whipps CM, El-Matbouli M, Hedrick RP, Blazer V, Kent ML (2004) Myxobolus cerebralis internal transcribed spacer 1 (its-1) sequences support recent spread of the parasite to north america and within europe. Dis Aquat Org 60:105–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Whipps CM, Kent ML (2006) Phylogeography of the cosmopolitan marine parasite Kudoa thyrsites, (Myxozoa: Myxosporea). J Eukaryot Microbiol 53:364–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Xi BW, Zhang JY, Xie J, Pan LK, Xu P, Ge XP (2013) Three actinosporean types (Myxozoa) from the oligochaete Branchiura sowerbyi in China. Parasitol Res 112:1575–1582Google Scholar
  38. Yasutake WT, Wood EM (1957) Some Myxosporidia found in Pacific northwest salmonids. J Parasitol 43:633–642Google Scholar
  39. Yokoyama H, Ogawa K, Wakabayashi H (1995) Myxobolus cultus n. sp.(Myxosporea: Myxobolidae) in the goldfish Carassius auratus transformed from the actinosporean stage in the oligochaete Branchiura sowerbyi. J Parasitol 81:446–451Google Scholar
  40. Zhang JY, Wang JG, Li AH, Gong XN (2010) Infection of Myxobolus turpisrotundus sp. n. in allogynogenetic gibel carp, Carassius auratus gibelio (Bloch), with revision of Myxobolus rotundus (sl) Nemeczek reported from C. auratus auratus (L.). J Fish Dis 33:625–638CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zhao YJ, Al-Farraj SA, Al-Rasheid KAS, Song WB (2015) Data on ten new myxosporean parasites (Myxozoa, Myxosporea, Bivalvulida) from the Yellow Sea, China. Acta Protozool 54:305–323Google Scholar
  42. Zhao YJ, Ma CL, Song WB (2001) Illustrated guide to the identification of pathogenetic protozoa in maricuture-II diagnostic methods for the myxosporean. J Ocean U Qingdao 31:681–688Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chongqing Key Laboratory of Animal Biology, College of Life SciencesChongqing Normal UniversityChongqingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations