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Evaluation of enhanced oviposition attractant formulations against Aedes and Culex vector mosquitoes in urban and semi-urban areas

  • Devi Shankar SumanEmail author
Arthropods and Medical Entomology - Original Paper

Abstract

Surveillance is not only an important tool to assess the population dynamics of vector mosquitoes, but it can also be used to control vector-borne diseases. Mosquito vectors that belong to several genera such as Anopheles, Aedes, and Culex play a crucial role in the transmission of malaria, dengue, chikungunya, Zika, and elephantiasis diseases worldwide. We tested the efficacy of two commercial-grade oviposition attractant formulations that were developed for the container-inhabiting Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus, and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes present in urban or semi-urban environments. These attractants can lure gravid females. Field trials were conducted in residential yards during a post-rainy season in September and October. Our data showed considerable efficacy for both attractants. Aedes-attractant collected 1.6-fold more larvae (101.2 ± 10.5 larvae/trap) than the control, and Culex-attractant collected 1.27-fold more larvae (151.2 ± 12.5 larvae/trap) than the control, resulting in 0.8 and 0.7 oviposition attraction indices (OAIs), respectively. Regression analysis indicated that the Aedes-attractant was more stable than the Culex-attractant. Location and time did not alter the efficacy of these attractants. Our experiment suggests that these attractants can be used for the development of species-specific gravid traps to detect, estimate, and control the mosquito population in urban and semi-urban areas.

Keywords

Oviposition attractant Ovitraps Mosquito surveillance Container mosquito Arboviruses Vector-borne diseases 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author sincerely thanks Dr. Kailash Chandra, Director, Zoological Survey of India, New Alipore, Kolkata, India, for his support and providing the facilities to accomplish this study. I thank Subhas Vasudeva, Maxtech Mosquito Control Inc., Ontario, Canada, for providing samples of oviposition attractants. I also thank the students and staff who helped in the study and premises owners for their permission to conduct the study. The author would like to thank Dr. Sarwar Hashmi and Dr. Alexandra Gillett for proof-reading the article.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zoological Survey of IndiaKolkataIndia

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