Urinary incontinence associated with Mesocestoides vogae infection in a dog
Peritoneal larval cestodiasis caused by Mesocestoides spp. is a rare infection in dogs. A 6-year-old female dog was presented for veterinary care with urinary incontinence which started 1 year earlier. After performing hematology, ultrasound, and computerized tomography, an exploratory laparotomy revealed canine peritoneal larval cestodiasis (CPLC) with the presence of Mesocestoides vogae (syn. Mesocestoides corti) tetrathyridia confirmed by morphological identification and PCR and DNA sequencing. Parasitic cysts were found around the urinary bladder and appeared to inhibit its normal function. An initial treatment with 5 mg/kg praziquantel subcutaneously every 2 weeks for four treatments failed to alleviate the clinical signs, and only treatment with fenbendazole at 100 mg/kg P.O. twice daily for 28 days was associated with the disappearance of ascites and regaining of urinary control. This is the first report of CPLC associated with urinary incontinence in dogs and the first description of this cyclophyllidean cestode in dogs in Israel.
KeywordsCanine Mesocestoides vogae Urinary incontinence
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Caruso KJ, James MP, Fisher D, Paulson RL, Christopher MM (2003) Cytologic diagnosis of peritoneal cestodiasis in dogs caused by Mesocestoides sp. Vet Clin Pathol 32:50–60Google Scholar
- Crosbie PR, Boyce WM, Platzer EG, Nadler SA, Kerner C (1998) Diagnostic procedures and treatment of eleven dogs with peritoneal infections caused by Mesocestoides spp. J Am Vet Med Assoc 213:1578–1583Google Scholar
- Crosbie PR, Padgett KA, Boyce WM (2000b) Mesocestoides spp. tapeworm infections in dogs in California. Calif. Veterinarian:15–17Google Scholar
- Etges FJ (1991) The proliferative tetrathyridium of Mesocestoides vogae sp. n. (Cestoda). J Helminthol Soc Wash 58:181–185Google Scholar
- Loos-Frank B (1990) Cestodes of the genus Mesocestoides (Mesocestoididae) from carnivores in Israel. Isr J Zool 37:3–13Google Scholar
- Plumb DC (2008) Plumb’s Veterinary Drug Handbook, Sixth Edition, Wiley- Blackwell Publishers, 1166 pp.Google Scholar
- Tassi P, Widenhorn O (1977) Research on intestinal parasitic diseases in dogs of the city of Rome. Parassitologia 19:43–57Google Scholar
- Trachsel D, Deplazes P, Mathis A (2007) Identification of taeniad eggs in the feces from carnivores based on a multiplex PCR using targets in mitochondrial DNA. Parasitol 1:10Google Scholar