Parasitology Research

, Volume 118, Issue 5, pp 1343–1352 | Cite as

B-1 cell response in immunity against parasites

  • Ronni Rômulo Novaes e Brito
  • Mayte dos Santos Toledo
  • Gabriela Martins Labussiere
  • Talita Vieira Dupin
  • Natasha Ferraz de Campos Reis
  • Elizabeth Cristina Perez
  • Patricia XanderEmail author
Immunology and Host-Parasite Interactions - Review


The peritoneal cavity has a microenvironment capable of promoting proliferation, differentiation, and activation of the resident cells and recruitment of blood cells through the capillary network involved in the peritoneum. Among the cells found in the peritoneal cavity, B-1 cells are a particular cell type that contains features that are not very well defined. These cells differ from conventional B lymphocytes (B-2) by phenotypic, functional, and molecular characteristics. B-1 cells can produce natural antibodies, migrate to the inflammatory focus, and have the ability to phagocytose pathogens. However, the role of B-1 cells in immunity against parasites is still not completely understood. Several experimental models have demonstrated that B-1 cells can affect the susceptibility or resistance to parasite infections depending on the model and species. Here, we review the literature to provide information on the peculiarities of B-1 lymphocytes as well as their interaction with parasites.


B-1 cells Protozoan Helminths Immune response 


Author’s contributions

RRNB and PX conceived and designed the work; RRNB, MST, GML, TVD, and NCR researched the data for the article and wrote the manuscript; ECP revised the final manuscript; and PX reviewed and edited the manuscript before submission. All authors provided substantial contributions to the discussion of the content. All authors have read and approved the final manuscript.

Funding information

This work was supported by Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (grant number 2016/17245-4 to P.X.) and the scholarship from Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento Pessoal de Ensino Superior (CAPES).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronni Rômulo Novaes e Brito
    • 1
  • Mayte dos Santos Toledo
    • 2
  • Gabriela Martins Labussiere
    • 2
  • Talita Vieira Dupin
    • 2
  • Natasha Ferraz de Campos Reis
    • 2
  • Elizabeth Cristina Perez
    • 3
  • Patricia Xander
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Centro Universitário São CamiloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Ciências FarmacêuticasUniversidade Federal de São Paulo Campus DiademaDiademaBrazil
  3. 3.Pós Graduação em Patologia Ambiental e ExperimentalUniversidade PaulistaSão PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Laboratório de Imunologia Celular e Bioquímica de Fungos e Protozoários, Departamento de Ciências FarmacêuticasUniversidade Federal de São Paulo campus DiademaSão PauloBrazil

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