Thecamoeba quadrilineata (Amoebozoa, Lobosa) as a new member of amphizoic amoebae—first isolation from endozoic conditions

  • Terézia Borovičková
  • Martin MrvaEmail author
  • Mária Garajová
Short Communication


A free-living soil amoeba Thecamoeba quadrilineata (Carter, 1856) Lepşi, 1960 (Amoebozoa: Thecamoebidae) was isolated from endozoic conditions for the first time. Presence of amoebae was detected after 4 days following inoculation of the gut of the earthworm Lumbricus terrestris on agar plate with Escherichia coli. On the basis of our isolation, we consider T. quadrilineata as further amphizoic amoeba species. This study enlarges the range of amphizoic tendency in members of the genus Thecamoeba and stresses the need for further research on the pathogenic potential of Thecamoeba species.


Amphizoic tendency Earthworm Free-living amoeba Gut Thecamoebidae 


Funding information

This work was supported by the Slovak Research and Development Agency under the contract No. APVV-15-0123. Further, it was supported with grants VEGA 1/0365/16, VEGA 1/0389/19, and KEGA 039UK-4/2019 provided by the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Terézia Borovičková
    • 1
  • Martin Mrva
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mária Garajová
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Zoology, Faculty of Natural SciencesComenius University in BratislavaBratislava 4Slovak Republic

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