Distribution of Alaria spp. mesocercariae in waterfrogs
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The distribution of Alaria-spp.-mesocercariae within the host is relevant for the examination via Alaria spp. mesocercariae migration technique (AMT) regarding predilection sites and may indicate an interaction between parasite and host. Naturally Alaria-exposed frogs of Pelophylax species (n = 13) were examined for systemic distribution and localization-specific parasite density of Alaria spp. mesocercariae. The frogs were necropsied and their body was divided into the following localizations: inner organs, head, torso, forelimbs, and hind limbs. The localizations were analyzed individually and in toto using Alaria spp. mesocercariae migration technique. Our results showed neither statistical differences concerning the number of mesocercariae in the different localizations nor in respect of the rate of positive localizations. Therefore, an accumulation in a particular predilection site seems unlikely. Further research on a representative sample is necessary before final conclusions can be drawn.
KeywordsDistomum musculorum suis Ranidae Pelophylax Predilection site Parasite host relationship
We would like to thank Lia Kieker and Heiko Wellner for their valuable technical assistance in the present study. Further, we would like to express our gratitude to Dr. Rafael Ernst from the Senckenberg World of Biodiversity in Dresden for his assistance in species identification.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All applicable international and national guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.
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