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Parasitology Research

, Volume 117, Issue 11, pp 3537–3545 | Cite as

Ellipsomyxa arariensis n. sp. (Myxozoa: Ceratomyxidae), a new myxozoan parasite of Pygocentrus nattereri Kner, 1858 (Teleostei: Characidae) and Pimelodus ornatus Kner, 1858 (Teleostei: Pimelodidae) from Marajó Island, in the Brazilian Amazon region

  • Diehgo Tuloza da Silva
  • Patricia Santos Matos
  • Aline Medeiros Lima
  • Adriano Penha Furtado
  • Igor Hamoy
  • Edilson Rodrigues Matos
Original Paper

Abstract

Ellipsomyxa arariensis n. sp. was found in the gallbladder of Pygocentrus nattereri Kner, 1858 and Pimelodus ornatus Kner, 1858 from the Arari River on Marajó Island in Pará, Brazil. The new species has disporous plasmodium that varies in size and shape, with ellipsoidal mature spores in the sutural view that have a curved suture line. The spores are 12.6 (12.0–13.4) μm in length and 7.3 (6.7–8.0) μm in width. The two polar capsules present in the spore are pyriform and of equal size, with subterminal openings that project in opposite directions. The polar capsules are 3.5 (3.4–4.0) μm long and 2.6 (2.5–3.2) μm wide. Based on the partial sequences of the SSU rRNA gene of the Ellipsomyxa arariensis n. sp. spores found in Pygocentrus nattereri Kner, 1858 (1325 bps) and Pimelodus ornatus Kner, 1858 (1240 bps), the new species is clearly distinct from all the other myxozoan sequences deposited in GenBank. Based on Bayesian inference and p distances, the new species belongs to the “Ellipsomyxa clade”, together with all the other Ellipsomxa species, reinforcing the monophyletic status of this genus. Overall, the morphological data and the partial sequences of the SSU rRNA gene provide a conclusive diagnosis of Ellipsomyxa arariensis n. sp. as a species distinct from all the other Ellipsomyxa species described previously.

Keywords

Freshwater fish 18S rDNA Micropasites New species 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Carlos Azevedo Research LaboratoryFederal Rural University of the Amazon (UFRA)BelémBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratory of Applied GeneticsFederal Rural University of Amazonia (UFRA)BelémBrazil
  3. 3.Federal Rural University of the Amazon (UFRA)BelémBrazil
  4. 4.Federal University of Pará (UFPA)BelémBrazil

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