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Parasitology Research

, Volume 117, Issue 11, pp 3413–3420 | Cite as

Association of ectoparasites (Diptera and Acari) on bats (Mammalia) in a restinga habitat in northeastern Brazil

  • Rayanna Hellem Santos Bezerra
  • Adriana Bocchiglieri
Original Paper

Abstract

In Brazil, 124 species of ectoparasites of bats are known from the families Streblidae, Nycteribiidae, and Spinturnicidae. This study aimed to characterize the ectoparasites associated with bats in a restinga habitat in Sergipe, northeastern Brazil. Sampling occurred between October 2016 and September 2017 in the Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural do Caju through the capture of bats, using 10 mist nets. The ectoparasites collected were stored in 70% alcohol and subsequently identified. For the hosts, the parasitological indexes were calculated and, for the most abundant ones, the influences of the sex of the host and of seasonality on these indexes were evaluated. We collected 430 parasites, of which 77.90% belonged to the Streblidae family. The influence of host sex was observed only in terms of the prevalence between Periglischrus iheringi and Artibeus lituratus, with the highest values observed for females. This may be associated with the highest susceptibility of females to parasitism by the greater permanency in the shelter. In terms of the influence of seasonality, only the interaction between Carollia perspicillata and Trichobius joblingi was affected by temperature, with an increase in prevalence rates and mean intensity during the season with lower temperatures. This relationship may be associated with biological differences among parasites species. The present study identified six new species of ectoparasites and the occurrence of ticks on bats for Sergipe, in addition to registering 11 new bat-ectoparasite associations for the state and two for Brazil, contributing to an increase in our knowledge about bat-ectoparasite interactions.

Keywords

Argasidae Nycteribiidae Phyllostomidae Sergipe Spinturnicidae Streblidae 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to the Embrapa Tabuleiros Costeiros and the Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS) for logistical support, Fundação de Apoio à Pesquisa e Inovação Tecnológica do Estado de Sergipe (FAPITEC) and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) (019.203.01181/2011-2; 2417/2013; 1941/2017) for financial support and a scholarship to RHSB, to Dr. Gustavo Graciolli and the students Gustavo Urbieta and Gabriela Hrycyna for assistance in the confirmation of the parasites, and the students of the Laboratório de Mastozoologia (UFS) for helping us in the field campaigns.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethics statement

The animals were captured, tagged, and when necessary collected, with the permission granted by the Biodiversity Information and Authorization System (authorization reference: SISBIO # 54957-1).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidade Federal de Sergipe, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ecologia e Conservação, Laboratório de MastozoologiaCidade Universitária Prof. José Aloísio de CamposSão CristóvãoBrazil

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