Parasitology Research

, Volume 117, Issue 9, pp 2957–2962 | Cite as

Effect of oxidative stress on vital indicators of Acanthamoeba castellanii (T4 genotype)

  • Mousa Motavalli
  • Iraj Khodadadi
  • Mohammad Fallah
  • Amir Hossein MaghsoodEmail author
Original Paper


Acanthamoeba has 22 genotypes with the T4 genotype being the main causative agent of amoebic granulomatous encephalitis and keratitis. Because the molecular mechanisms of the immune defenses of neutrophils and macrophages against histoparasites are based on oxidative stress, parasites may rely on their antioxidant systems to preclude immune defenses. Therefore, understanding of the effect of oxidative stress on vital characteristics of Acanthamoeba castellanii (T4 genotype) and the antioxidant defense responses of Acanthamoeba to oxidative status will cast light on immune cell-parasite interactions. Acanthamoeba T4 cells were cultured in RPMI-1640 medium containing different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The survival of Acanthamoeba was evaluated by MTT assay and the IC50 concentration was calculated. The total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of the parasite was determined by the cupric reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC) method. Malondialdehyde (MDA) as a marker of lipid peroxidation, protein carbonyl content as a measure of oxidized protein, total thiol (–SH) groups present on proteins as a major source of cellular antioxidants, and total oxidant status (TOS) were evaluated by colorimetric methods. The reactive oxygen species level increased markedly after induction of oxidative stress by the treatment of Acanthamoeba T4 with H2O2. Exposure to H2O2 also significantly increased the MDA and protein carbonyl content. The TOS level and total thiol groups also increased in the treated group compared to those in untreated parasites, although the results were not statistically significant. The TAC level was found to be significantly higher in H2O2-treated parasites, confirming that the parasite fosters its total antioxidant capacity to overcome oxidative conditions. This study showed that under oxidative stress, the defense reactions of the parasite are in part mediated by increasing its antioxidant activity, which is important for the survival of the parasite.


Acanthamoeba Antioxidants Immune system Lipid peroxidation Oxidative stress 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mousa Motavalli
    • 1
  • Iraj Khodadadi
    • 2
  • Mohammad Fallah
    • 1
  • Amir Hossein Maghsood
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of MedicineHamadan University of Medical SciencesHamadanIran
  2. 2.Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of MedicineHamadan University of Medical SciencesHamadanIran

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