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Parasitology Research

, Volume 117, Issue 8, pp 2445–2456 | Cite as

Helminth fauna of Megaleporinus obtusidens (Characiformes: Anostomidae) from Lake Guaíba: analysis of the parasite community

  • E. W. Wendt
  • C. M. Monteiro
  • S. B. Amato
Original Paper
  • 125 Downloads

Abtract

Structure of the helminth community of Megaleporinus obtusidens collected in Lake Guaíba was evaluated, and the results indicated that the diversity of helminth species was probably determined by fish behavior and eating habits. The influence of sex, weight, and standard length of hosts for parasitic indices was also analyzed. Sixteen helminth species were found parasitizing M. obtusidens, including the following: platyhelminths, with the highest richness, represented by one species of Aspidobothrea; four species of Digenea; and eight species of Monogenea; the latter, presented the highest prevalence. Rhinoxenus arietinus, found in nasal cavities, had the greater abundance, and was the only species classified as core. The prevalence of Urocleidoides paradoxus was significantly influenced by the sex of the host; females had the highest values. Abundance was weakly influenced by fish weight and the body length of the hosts. Urocleidoides sp. had its abundance weakly influenced by the host weight. The other helminths were not influenced by biometric characteristics of the hosts. The total species richness was similar between male and female fish, and both had 14 helminth species of parasites.

Keywords

Host–parasite relationship Fish biology Lake environment Southern Brazil 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Emília Wendt thanks the “Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)” for the scholarship, Dr. José Felipe Amato for valuable considerations and corrections, and Dra. Carolina Santos Vieira for valuable help with statistical analysis.

Supplementary material

436_2018_5933_MOESM1_ESM.docx (22 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 21 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Ichthyology, Institute of BiosciencesUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratory of Ecology and Parasite Biology, Institute of BiologyUniversidade Federal Rural do Rio de JaneiroSeropédicaBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratory of Helminthology, Institute of BiosciencesUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil

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