Parasitology Research

, Volume 117, Issue 1, pp 315–321 | Cite as

Cryptic species Anopheles daciae (Diptera: Culicidae) found in the Czech Republic and Slovakia

  • Hana Blažejová
  • Oldřich Šebesta
  • František Rettich
  • Jan Mendel
  • Viktória Čabanová
  • Martina Miterpáková
  • Lenka Betášová
  • Juraj Peško
  • Zdeněk Hubálek
  • Helge Kampen
  • Ivo Rudolf
Short Communication


We report the distribution of mosquitoes of the maculipennis complex in two distinct areas of the Czech Republic (Bohemia and South Moravia) and in one locality of neighbouring Slovakia with emphasis on the detection of the newly described cryptic species Anopheles daciae (Linton, Nicolescu & Harbach, 2004). A total of 691 mosquitoes were analysed using a species-specific multiplex PCR assay to differentiate between the members of the maculipennis complex. In the Czech Republic, we found Anopheles maculipennis (with a prevalence rate of 1.4%), Anopheles messeae (49.0%) and Anopheles daciae (49.6%). In Slovakia, only An. messeae (52.1%) and An. daciae (47.9%) were detected. In this study, An. daciae was documented for the first time in the two countries where it represented a markedly higher proportion of maculipennis complex species (with an overall prevalence almost reaching 50%) in comparison to previous reports from Germany, Romania and Poland. The determination of the differential distribution of maculipennis complex species will contribute to assessing risks of mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria or dirofilariasis.


Anophelinae Maculipennis complex Anopheles daciae Mosquitoes Cryptic species Vector-borne diseases 



The authors would like to thank Dr. Ivan Gelbič and RNDr. Eduard Stloukal, PhD, for their assistance in mosquito trapping.

Funding information

We are grateful to Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic for financial support (project R200931601) and to Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic - project MH CZ - DRO (NIPH, 75010330).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hana Blažejová
    • 1
  • Oldřich Šebesta
    • 1
  • František Rettich
    • 2
  • Jan Mendel
    • 1
  • Viktória Čabanová
    • 3
  • Martina Miterpáková
    • 3
  • Lenka Betášová
    • 1
  • Juraj Peško
    • 1
  • Zdeněk Hubálek
    • 1
    • 4
  • Helge Kampen
    • 5
  • Ivo Rudolf
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Vertebrate Biology, v.v.iCzech Academy of SciencesBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.The National Institute of Public HealthPraha 10Czech Republic
  3. 3.Institute of ParasitologySlovak Academy of SciencesKošiceSlovak Republic
  4. 4.Department of Experimental Biology, Faculty of ScienceMasaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic
  5. 5.Friedrich Loeffler InstituteFederal Research Institute for Animal HealthGreifswaldGermany

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