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Parasitology Research

, Volume 116, Issue 12, pp 3429–3435 | Cite as

Occurrence and zoonotic potential of endoparasites in cats of Cyprus and a new distribution area for Troglostrongylus brevior

  • Anastasia Diakou
  • Dimitra Sofroniou
  • Angela Di Cesare
  • Panagiotis Kokkinos
  • Donato Traversa
Short Communication

Abstract

The present study investigated for the first time the occurrence of pulmonary and intestinal parasites of cats in Cyprus. Cats from five districts of Cyprus (Lefkosia, Lemesos, Larnaka, Pafos and Ammochostos) were examined by classical parasitological methods and the identity of lungworm larvae, whenever present, was confirmed by PCR-coupled sequencing. A total of 185 cats, 48 living exclusively indoors and 137 with outdoor access, were included in the study. Parasites were found in 66 (35.7%) of the examined cats, i.e. Toxocara cati (12%), Cystoisospora rivolta (12%), Joyeuxiella/Diplopylidium spp. (7%), Giardia spp. (6.5%), Troglostrongylus brevior (5%), Cystoisospora felis (2.5%), Aelurostrongylus abstrusus (2%), Taenia spp. (0.5%) and Dipylidium caninum (0.5%). Mixed infections were recorded in 18 cats. Cats that lived exclusively indoors or had received an antiparasitic treatment in the last 6 months were less likely to be infected (p < 0.05). Moreover, cats younger than 1 year old were more likely to shed first-stage larvae of T. brevior (p = 0.04). The present study shows that cats in Cyprus are infected at a high percentage by a variety of parasites that potentially affect their health and also, in some cases (i.e. T. cati, D. caninum, Giardia spp.), may have an impact on human health. Moreover, it was revealed that T. brevior, a lungworm of emerging significance, is present on the island, rendering Cyprus the easternmost distribution border of this parasite in Europe to date.

Keywords

Cat Cyprus Endoparasites Troglostrongylus brevior Zoonotic 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Ms. Anne Beavan for editing the English language.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Health SciencesAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Private Veterinary PractitionerLemesosCyprus
  3. 3.Faculty of Veterinary MedicineTeaching Veterinary HospitalTeramoItaly
  4. 4.Private Veterinary PractitionerLarnakaCyprus

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