Parasitology Research

, Volume 116, Issue 10, pp 2861–2868 | Cite as

Metazoan parasites from odontocetes off New Zealand: new records

Short Communication

Abstract

Information about the parasite fauna of spectacled porpoises and cetaceans from New Zealand waters in general is scarce. This study takes advantage of material archived in collections of the Otago Museum in Dunedin and Massey University in Auckland, sampled from cetacean species found stranded along the New Zealand coastline between 2007 and 2014. Parasites from seven species of cetaceans (spectacled porpoise, Phocoena dioptrica (n = 2 individuals examined); pygmy sperm whale (n = 1); long-finned pilot whale, Globicephala melas (n = 1); Risso’s dolphin, Grampus griseus (n = 1); short-beaked common dolphin, Delphinus delphis (n = 7); striped dolphin, Stenella coeruleoalba (n = 3) and dusky dolphin, Lagenorhynchus obscurus (n = 2)) from the respiratory and gastro-intestinal tract, cranial sinus, liver, urogenital and mammary tract, fascia and blubber were investigated. Ten parasite species were identified, belonging to the Nematoda (Stenurus minor, Stenurus globicephalae, Halocercus sp. (Pseudaliidae), Anisakis sp. (Anisakidae), Crassicauda sp. (Crassicaudidae)), Cestoda (Phyllobothrium delphini and Monorygma grimaldii (Phyllobothriidae)), Trematoda (Brachicladium palliata and Brachicladium delphini (Brachicladiidae)) and Crustacea (Scutocyamus antipodensis (Cyamidae)). Some of the parasite species encountered comprises new records for their host. Although the material was not sampled within a systematic parasitological survey, the findings contain valuable new information about the parasite fauna of rare, vagile and vulnerable marine wildlife from a remote oceanic environment.

Keywords

Cetaceans Parasites Lungworms Ectoparasitic crustaceans Anisakidae Brachicladiidae Phyllobothriidae Crassicauda sp. 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristina Lehnert
    • 1
  • Haseeb Randhawa
    • 2
    • 3
  • Robert Poulin
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Terrestrial and Aquatic Wildlife ResearchUniversity of Veterinary Medicine, Hannover FoundationHannoverGermany
  2. 2.Fisheries DepartmentFalkland Islands GovernmentStanleyFalkland Islands
  3. 3.New Brunswick MuseumSaint JohnCanada
  4. 4.Department of ZoologyUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand

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