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Parasitology Research

, Volume 115, Issue 9, pp 3657–3661 | Cite as

A case of complete loss of gill parasites in the invasive cichlid Oreochromis mossambicus

  • Cyril FirmatEmail author
  • Paul Alibert
  • Guillaume Mutin
  • Michèle Losseau
  • Antoine Pariselle
  • Pierre Sasal
Short Communication

Abstract

This study investigates the recent evolution of a rich parasite community associated with one of the world’s most invasive species, the cichlid fish Oreochromis mossambicus. Populations from the species’ native range (Mozambique) are compared to a population from New Caledonia (Wester Pacific), an island where the species was introduced in 1954. The results support the complete local extinction of the gill parasite community in the course of the invasion process. Up to six gill parasite species per locality were documented in the O. mossambicus native range, and previous surveys consistently reported at least one parasite species introduced along African cichlid species established out of Africa. The absence of parasites in New Caledonia is therefore exceptional. This can be attributed to local factors, such as a strong initial population bottleneck, the likely absence of multiple host introductions, and the frequent occurrence of brackish watersheds that might enhance the probability for natural deparasitation.

Keywords

Ancyrocephalidae Biological invasion Enemy release Monogenea Tilapia 

Notes

Acknowledgments

F. Pariela (Banhine National Park, Mozambique) provided sampling authorization (no. 0002/2009). We thank the Banhine National Park team, A. Losseau, C. Flouhr (Hytec), J.-L. Justine (MNHN), D. Lecchini (IRD), C. Poellabauer (Erbio), C. and L. Hester, A. and A. Guillas to have provided assistance for fieldwork. Sampling authorizations in New Caledonia were delivered by the Province Nord (no. 60912-2869-2009/JCC) and Province Sud (no. 11262-2009/ARR/DENV). This study is was funded by a BQR no. 2009 BQRl 01-4, and Region Bourgogne PARI no. 079. Early versions of this work benefited from the comments from T. Rigaud (Biogéosciences), U. K Schliewen (ZSM), J. Claude, and J.-F. Agnèse (ISE-M) and one anonymous reviewer.

Supplementary material

436_2016_5168_MOESM1_ESM.doc (430 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 429 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cyril Firmat
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Paul Alibert
    • 3
  • Guillaume Mutin
    • 3
  • Michèle Losseau
    • 4
  • Antoine Pariselle
    • 5
  • Pierre Sasal
    • 6
  1. 1.UMR 1202 BIOGECOUniversity of Bordeaux-INRACestasFrance
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Centre for Biodiversity DynamicsNorwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)TrondheimNorway
  3. 3.UMR CNRS 5561 Biogéosciences - Université de BourgogneDijonFrance
  4. 4.Polana Caniço AMaputoMozambique
  5. 5.IRD (ex-ORSTOM)/ISE-M, UR226/UMR5554YaoundéCameroon
  6. 6.Laboratoire d’Excellence CORAIL, USR 3278 CNRS-EPHE-UPVD CRIOBEMooreaFrench Polynesia

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