First molecular identification of Dirofilaria spp. (Onchocercidae) in mosquitoes from Serbia
- 239 Downloads
Dirofilariosis is a common and widespread veterinary health issue in several European countries with notable zoonotic potential. The causative agents are Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaria repens nematoda species which are transmitted by different mosquito vectors. Similar to other mosquito-borne infections, the knowledge about mosquito species involved in disease transmission is crucial for the complex understanding of local transmission cycles. Since there is no available data on mosquito species, potentially involved in disease transmission from Serbia, 6369 female mosquito individuals were retrospectively tested for Dirofilaria nematodes, collected from 13 localities in Vojvodina province, Serbia, in 2013. Altogether, 8.33 % of tested pools showed positivity, composed of five mosquito species, mainly, Culex pipiens and Aedes vexans. D. immitis and D. repens were both detected from multiple localities, during the whole period of mosquito breeding season, which provides the first data on local transmission characteristics regarding mosquitoes from the Balkans.
KeywordsHearthworm Aedes vexans Culex pipiens Coquillettidia richiardii Ochlerotatus sticticus Ochlarotatus caspius Mosquito surveillance
Research activity of Kornélia Kurucz was supported by the Szentágothai Talent Program, financed by the Szentágothai Research Centre, University of Pécs. Ferenc Jakab and Gábor Kemenesi were supported by the TÁMOP 4.2.4. A/2-11-1-2012 0001—National Excellence Program Elaborating and operating an inland student and researcher personal support system. The project was subsidized by the European Union and co-financed by the European Social Fund. Gábor Kemenesi was also supported by the National Talent Program (NTP-EFÖ-P-15-0001) of Human Capacities Management (EMET) financed by the Hungarian Ministry of Human Capacities (EMMI). Krisztián Bányai was supported by the “Momentum program.” The present scientific contribution is dedicated to the 650th anniversary of the foundation of the University of Pécs, Hungary.
- Latrofa MS, Montarsi F, Ciocchetta S, Annoscia G, Dantas-Torres F, Ravagnan S, Capelli G, Otranto D (2012) Molecular xenomonitoring of Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaria repens in mosquitoes from north-eastern Italy by real-time PCR coupled with melting curve analysis. Parasit Vectors 5:76CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Saker L, Lee K, Cannito B, Gilmore A, Campbell-Lendrum D (2004) Globalization and infectious diseases: a review of the linkages. UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme on Tropical Diseases Research, GenevaGoogle Scholar