Parasitology Research

, Volume 115, Issue 8, pp 3163–3167 | Cite as

Prevalence and morphopathological characteristics of linguatulosis in one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) in Yazd, Iran

  • G. FarjanikishEmail author
  • H. Shokrani
Original Paper


Linguatula serrata is a cosmopolitan zoonotic parasite. Its adult form inhabit the nasal and respiratory passages of canids as the definitive hosts while its immature stages localize in the mesenteric lymph nodes or in other organs of herbivorous intermediate hosts. We examined the liver, mesenteric, and mediastinal lymph nodes of 272 camels slaughtered at the slaughterhouse of Yazd, Iran. Forty-one out of 272 camels (15.1 %) were infected with nymphs of L. serrata. Twenty-four out of 166 males (14.45 %) and 17 out of 106 females (16 %) were positive. The livers of five camels, which also had nymphs in their lymph nodes, were infected with the larval stage of this parasite. The infection rate increased with age and was highly significant, while sex did not play a significant role in the prevalence of this parasitic infection. The infected lymph nodes were grossly enlarged, edematous, and consisted of hemorrhagic and necrotic lesions. Histopathologically, the architecture of the infected lymph nodes was degraded, necrotic, and sectioned migrating stages of L. serrata were clearly visible. In some lymph nodes, parasitic granulomatous lymphadenitis with necrosis and in some cases, degenerated parasite in central area was observed. High prevalence of infection in camels suggests possibility of similar high rate of infection in other animals of this region. In view of the consumption of raw or undercooked visceral organs of camel by humans of this region, the importance of careful inspection at slaughterhouse needs to be emphasized.


Linguatula serrata Camel Lymph nodes Liver Yazd 



We are grateful to the meat inspectors of Yazd abattoir and the slaughterhouse workers for their cooperation during the present study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

During all stages of our research, all applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed. In addition, this article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors and does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors. There has been no significant financial support for this research work.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineLorestan UniversityKhorram AbadIran
  2. 2.Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineLorestan UniversityKhorram AbadIran

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