Parasitology Research

, Volume 114, Issue 12, pp 4463–4469 | Cite as

Respiratory nematodes in cat populations of Italy

  • Angela Di Cesare
  • Fabrizia Veronesi
  • Eleonora Grillotti
  • Simone Manzocchi
  • Stefania Perrucci
  • Paola Beraldo
  • Stefania Cazzin
  • Claudio De Liberato
  • Luciano A. Barros
  • Giulia Simonato
  • Donato Traversa
Original Paper

Abstract

The occurrence of common respiratory parasites of domestic cats (the metastrongyloid “cat lungworm” Aelurostrongylus abstrusus and the trichuroid Capillaria aerophila) and of neglected respiratory nematodes of felids (Troglostrongylus brevior, Angiostrongylus chabaudi and Oslerus rostratus) was here evaluated in two and three geographical sites of Northern and Central Italy, respectively. In 2014–2015, individual fecal samples of 868 domestic cats were examined microscopically and genetically, and epidemiological data related to parasitic infections were evaluated as possible risk factors by binary logistic regression models. The most common parasite was A. abstrusus in both mono- and poli-specific infections, followed by T. brevior and C. aerophila, while cats scored negative for other parasites. Cats positive for A. abstrusus (1.9–17 % infection rate) and C. aerophila (0.9–4.8 % infection rate) were found in all examined sites, while cats scored positive for T. brevior (1–14.3 % infection rate) in four sites. Also, T. brevior was here found for the first time in a domestic cat from a mountainous area of Northern Italy. The occurrence of lungworms was statistically related to the presence of respiratory signs and more significant in cats with mixed infection by other lungworms and/or intestinal parasites. Cats living in site C of Central Italy resulted statistically more at risk of infection for lungworms than cats living in the other study sites, while animals ageing less than 1 year were at more risk for troglostrongylosis. Finally, the presence of lungworms was more significant in cats with mixed infection by other lungworms and/or intestinal parasites. These results are discussed under epidemiological and clinical points of views.

Keywords

Aelurostrongylus abstrusus Troglostrongylus brevior Capillaria aerophila Lungworms Italy Diagnosis Epidemiology Risk factors 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela Di Cesare
    • 1
  • Fabrizia Veronesi
    • 2
  • Eleonora Grillotti
    • 1
    • 3
  • Simone Manzocchi
    • 4
  • Stefania Perrucci
    • 5
  • Paola Beraldo
    • 6
  • Stefania Cazzin
    • 7
  • Claudio De Liberato
    • 8
  • Luciano A. Barros
    • 1
    • 9
  • Giulia Simonato
    • 10
  • Donato Traversa
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of TeramoTeramoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of PerugiaPerugiaItaly
  3. 3.Ambulatorio Veterinario Centro ItaliaRietiItaly
  4. 4.Novara Day Lab - IDEXX LaboratoriesMonticelloItaly
  5. 5.Department of Veterinary ScienceUniversity of PisaPisaItaly
  6. 6.Division of Veterinary Pathology (DIAL)University of UdineUdineItaly
  7. 7.Istituto Zooprofilattico delle VenezieLegnaroItaly
  8. 8.Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Latium e della Toscana “M. Aleandri”RomeItaly
  9. 9.Facultade de Medicina Veterinaria MSV/UFF NiteroiNiteroiBrazil
  10. 10.Department of Animal Medicine, Production and HealthUniversity of PaduaPaduaItaly

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