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Parasitology Research

, Volume 114, Issue 11, pp 4205–4210 | Cite as

Natural prevalence in Cuban populations of the lymnaeid snail Galba cubensis infected with the liver fluke Fasciola hepatica: small values do matter

  • Antonio A. Vázquez
  • Jorge Sánchez
  • Annia Alba
  • Jean-Pierre Pointier
  • Sylvie Hurtrez-Boussès
Original Paper

Abstract

Natural infections of lymnaeid snails by Fasciola hepatica are of primary importance to study transmission. Also, infected snails in the field can be used to explore the existing compatibility in host–parasite interactions. This paper aimed to describe the infection rate of Galba cubensis populations in fasciolosis transmission areas. Eight sites were sampled in western Cuba and 24 infected snails at six sites were found. The mean prevalence was 2.94 % and the maximum value was 11.4 %. The intensity of parasite infection was assessed as the number of rediae inside a single snail. High variation within the sites examined was observed, but a maximum of 76 rediae was recovered from one individual. Although the presence of two other trematode families (Schistosomatidae and Paramphistomatidae) was discovered in dissected individuals, no co-infection with F. hepatica was observed. This is the first time a study of natural prevalence of F. hepatica infection is carried out in Cuba, considered a hyper endemic country for bovine fasciolosis. Our results suggest that fasciolosis transmission may occur even when the number of infected snails remains relatively low.

Keywords

Galba cubensis Fasciola hepatica Natural infection Parasite transmission 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank local veterinary and cowsheds authorities for their assistance during the field samplings. This work was supported by the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (BEST grant to A.A.V.).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio A. Vázquez
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jorge Sánchez
    • 2
  • Annia Alba
    • 2
  • Jean-Pierre Pointier
    • 3
  • Sylvie Hurtrez-Boussès
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.MIVEGEC, UMR IRD 224 CNRS 5290 UMMontpellier Cedex 5France
  2. 2.Laboratorio de MalacologíaInstituto de Medicina Tropical Pedro KouríMarianao 13Cuba
  3. 3.USR 3278 CNRS-EPHECriobe Universite de PerpignanPerpignanFrance
  4. 4.Département de Biologie-Ecologie(Faculté des Sciences)- cc 046- Université MontpellierMontpellier Cedex 5France

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