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Parasitology Research

, Volume 113, Issue 3, pp 863–874 | Cite as

Influence of Plasmodium vivax malaria on the relations between the osmotic stability of human erythrocyte membrane and hematological and biochemical variables

  • Rita de Cássia Mascarenhas Netto
  • Camila Fabbri
  • Mariana Vaini de Freitas
  • Morun Bernardino Neto
  • Mário Silva Garrote-Filho
  • Marcus Vinícius Guimarães Lacerda
  • Emerson Silva Lima
  • Nilson Penha-Silva
Original Paper

Abstract

This study evaluated the influence of infection by Plasmodium vivax on the relations between hematological and biochemical variables and the osmotic stability of the erythrocyte membrane in a Brazilian Amazon population. A total of 72 patients with P. vivax malaria were included in the study and invited to return after 14 days, post-treatment with chloroquine and primaquine, for clinical and laboratorial reevaluations. The osmotic stability of the erythrocyte membrane was analyzed by nonlinear regression of the dependency of the absorbance of hemoglobin, released with hemolysis, as a function of the salt concentration, and it was represented by the inverse of the salt concentration at the midpoint of the curve (1/H 50) and by the variation of salt concentration, which promotes lysis (dX). Bivariate and multivariate methods were used in the analysis of the results. Prior to treatment of the disease, the erythrocytes showed greater stability, probably due to the natural selection of young and also more stable erythrocytes. The bivariate analysis showed that 1/H 50 was positively correlated with red cell distribution width (RDW), urea, triglycerides, and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-cholesterol, but negatively associated with albumin, HDL-cholesterol, and indirect bilirubin, while dX was negatively associated with the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration. These associations were confirmed by canonical correlation analysis. Stepwise multiple linear regression showed that albumin, urea, triglycerides, and VLDL-cholesterol are the variables with the highest abilities of predicting erythrocyte stability. The bivariate analysis also showed that the hematological index RDW was related to elevated levels of bilirubin and decreased levels of albumin and urea, associated with liver damage resulting from malaria.

Keywords

Malaria Erythrocyte Membrane Canonical Correlation Stability Parameter Parasite Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank FAPEMIG (CDS-APQ-01862-09, CDS-APQ-02025-10, and PPM-00485-12), CAPES (PE-PNPD AUX 2718/2011), and CNPq (307705/2012-9) for the financial supports that enable the development of this study and also to Tropical Medicine Foundation Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado, where the participants of the study were recruited.

Conflict of interest

None of the authors have financial or non-financial competing interests, as well as any other kind of interest conflict, in the work presented in this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rita de Cássia Mascarenhas Netto
    • 1
  • Camila Fabbri
    • 3
  • Mariana Vaini de Freitas
    • 1
  • Morun Bernardino Neto
    • 1
  • Mário Silva Garrote-Filho
    • 1
  • Marcus Vinícius Guimarães Lacerda
    • 2
  • Emerson Silva Lima
    • 3
  • Nilson Penha-Silva
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Genetics and BiochemistryFederal University of UberlândiaUberlândiaBrazil
  2. 2.Tropical Medicine Foundation Dr. Heitor Vieira DouradoManausBrazil
  3. 3.Faculty of Pharmaceutical SciencesFederal University of AmazonasManausBrazil

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