Parasitology Research

, Volume 112, Issue 3, pp 1113–1123 | Cite as

Essential oil composition, adult repellency and larvicidal activity of eight Cupressaceae species from Greece against Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae)

  • Athanassios Giatropoulos
  • Danae Pitarokili
  • Fotini Papaioannou
  • Dimitrios P. Papachristos
  • George Koliopoulos
  • Nickolaos Emmanouel
  • Olga Tzakou
  • Antonios Michaelakis
Original Paper

Abstract

The present study evaluated leaf essential oils from eight Cupresaceae species; Cupressus arizonica, Cupressus benthamii, Cupressus macrocarpa, Cupressus sempervirens, Cupressus torulosa, Chamaecyparis lawsoniana, Juniperus phoenicea, and Tetraclinis articulata for their larvicidal and repellent properties against Aedes albopictus, a mosquito of great ecological and medical importance. Based on the LC50 values, C. benthamii essential oil was the most active (LC50 = 37.5 mg/L) while the other tested Cupressaceae essential oils provided rather moderate toxicity against larvae (LC50 = 47.9 to 70.6 mg/L). Under the used laboratory conditions, three of the essential oils (C. benthamii, C. lawsoniana, and C. macrocarpa) provided sufficient protection against mosquito adults, equivalent to the standard repellent “Deet” in the 0.2 mg/cm2 dose, while C. macrocarpa assigned as the superior repellent oil in the 0.08 mg/cm2 dose. Chemical analysis of the essential oils using gas chromatography and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry revealed the presence of 125 components.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Prof. B. Galatis (J. & A. N. Diomedes Botanic Garden, University of Athens) for providing the plant material and Dr. I. Vallianatou (J. & A. N. Diomedes Botanic Garden, University of Athens) for the collection and plant identification.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Athanassios Giatropoulos
    • 1
    • 2
  • Danae Pitarokili
    • 3
  • Fotini Papaioannou
    • 3
  • Dimitrios P. Papachristos
    • 4
  • George Koliopoulos
    • 1
  • Nickolaos Emmanouel
    • 2
  • Olga Tzakou
    • 3
  • Antonios Michaelakis
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratory of Biological Control of PesticidesBenaki Phytopathological InstituteAthensGreece
  2. 2.Laboratory of Agricultural Zoology and EntomologyAgricultural University of AthensAthensGreece
  3. 3.Department of Pharmacognosy and Chemistry of Natural Products, School of PharmacyUniversity of AthensAthensGreece
  4. 4.Laboratory of Agricultural Entomology, Department of Entomology and Agricultural ZoologyBenaki Phytopathological InstituteAthensGreece

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