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Parasitology Research

, Volume 111, Issue 6, pp 2295–2299 | Cite as

Effect of Ageratum houstonianum Mill. (Asteraceae) leaf extracts on the oviposition activity of Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae)

  • Samuel TennysonEmail author
  • K. John Ravindran
  • Alex Eapen
  • S. John William
Original Paper

Abstract

Plant extracts have been studied extensively for their insecticidal activity against immature stages and adult mosquitoes. They have also been reported to influence the habitat preference of ovipositing mosquitoes. Ageratum houstonianum, a medicinal plant belonging to the family Asteraceae, has been reported to possess insecticidal activity, and in the present study, the ovipositional attractant/deterrent activity was studied. The effect of Ageratum houstonianum crude leaf extracts on the oviposition of Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus was studied at 0.1 % concentration in laboratory. Among hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol crude leaf extracts, methanol showed an effective deterrent activity against all the three vector species with an oviposition active index of −0.8, −0.8 and −0.9, respectively. Field trials carried out to study the effect of 0.1 % methanol extract on oviposition of Aedes species indicated effective deterrence ranging from 79.0 to 100.0 % in indoor and 74.6 to 100.0 % in outdoor ovitraps. The potential oviposition deterrent property of Ageratum houstonianum crude leaf extracts observed in both laboratory and field studies indicates the presence of phytocompounds that act as effective contact deterrent. Further, isolation, identification and preparation of suitable formulation of the effective phytocompounds of Ageratum houstonianum that act as a contact deterrent are required.

Keywords

Leaf Extract Vector Mosquito Anopheles Stephensi Aedes Aegypti Oviposition Deterrent 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors are thankful to the staff of the National Institute of Malaria Research (ICMR), Field Unit, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India for their kind assistance.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samuel Tennyson
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. John Ravindran
    • 2
  • Alex Eapen
    • 2
  • S. John William
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyMadras Christian CollegeChennaiIndia
  2. 2.National Institute of Malaria Research (ICMR) Field UnitChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Advanced Zoology and Biotechnology, School of Entomology and Centre for Natural Resources Management (SECNARM)Loyola CollegeChennaiIndia

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