Parasitology Research

, Volume 112, Issue 1, pp 447–451 | Cite as

Infection of wild mullet (Mugil cephalus) with Myxobolus episquamalis in Korea

  • Wi-Sik Kim
  • Jeong-Ho Kim
  • Min-Seok Jang
  • Sung-Ju Jung
  • Myung-Joo OhEmail author
Short Communication


Wild mullet (Mugil cephalus) with white cysts on their scales were obtained from Yeosu on the south coast of Korea in 2009. Cyst-like plasmodia consisted of a large number of mature myxosporean spores and numerous sporogonic stages. Spores were oval-shaped in their front view, tapering anteriorly to a blunt apex, and lenticular in their lateral view. They measured 7.0 μm (6.2–7.6) in length, 5.2 μm (4.0–6.2) in width, and 4.9 μm (3.8–6.0) in thickness. Polar capsules contained a polar filament with five to six turns and measured 3.5 μm (2.5–4.5) in length and 2.0 μm (1.6–2.3) in width. Nucleotide sequences of the 18S rRNA gene of the myxosporean parasites in our study showed 99.8 % identity with Myxobolus episquamalis Egusa, Maeno and Sorimachi, 1990 from mullet in Tunisia. These results suggest that the Myxobolus sp. found on the scales of wild mullet is M. episquamalis. In the histopathological examination, spores were observed not only in the plasmodia on the scales, but also in the intestine, pancreas, heart, kidney, stomach, gill, skin, spleen, and liver, suggesting the possibility of the coinfection by different Myxobolus species.


Infected Fish Polar Capsule Polar Filament Mature Spore Fresh Spore 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research was supported by the Technology Development Program for Fisheries, Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Republic of Korea.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wi-Sik Kim
    • 1
  • Jeong-Ho Kim
    • 2
  • Min-Seok Jang
    • 3
  • Sung-Ju Jung
    • 3
  • Myung-Joo Oh
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.The Fisheries Science InstituteChonnam National UniversityYeosuKorea
  2. 2.Faculty of Marine Bioscience and TechnologyGangneung-Wonju National UniversityGangneungKorea
  3. 3.Department of Aqualife Medicine, College of Fisheries and Ocean ScienceChonnam National UniversityYeosuKorea

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