Infection of wild mullet (Mugil cephalus) with Myxobolus episquamalis in Korea
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Wild mullet (Mugil cephalus) with white cysts on their scales were obtained from Yeosu on the south coast of Korea in 2009. Cyst-like plasmodia consisted of a large number of mature myxosporean spores and numerous sporogonic stages. Spores were oval-shaped in their front view, tapering anteriorly to a blunt apex, and lenticular in their lateral view. They measured 7.0 μm (6.2–7.6) in length, 5.2 μm (4.0–6.2) in width, and 4.9 μm (3.8–6.0) in thickness. Polar capsules contained a polar filament with five to six turns and measured 3.5 μm (2.5–4.5) in length and 2.0 μm (1.6–2.3) in width. Nucleotide sequences of the 18S rRNA gene of the myxosporean parasites in our study showed 99.8 % identity with Myxobolus episquamalis Egusa, Maeno and Sorimachi, 1990 from mullet in Tunisia. These results suggest that the Myxobolus sp. found on the scales of wild mullet is M. episquamalis. In the histopathological examination, spores were observed not only in the plasmodia on the scales, but also in the intestine, pancreas, heart, kidney, stomach, gill, skin, spleen, and liver, suggesting the possibility of the coinfection by different Myxobolus species.
KeywordsInfected Fish Polar Capsule Polar Filament Mature Spore Fresh Spore
This research was supported by the Technology Development Program for Fisheries, Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Republic of Korea.
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