Parasitology Research

, Volume 111, Issue 5, pp 2049–2061 | Cite as

Ancyrocephalidae (Monogenea) of Lake Tanganyika: III: Cichlidogyrus infecting the world’s biggest cichlid and the non-endemic tribes Haplochromini, Oreochromini and Tylochromini (Teleostei, Cichlidae)

  • Fidel Muterezi Bukinga
  • Maarten P. M. Vanhove
  • Maarten Van Steenberge
  • Antoine Pariselle
Original Paper


Lake Tanganyika is the deepest and oldest African Great Lake and of economic importance. While the diversity of its endemic cichlid radiations yielded scientific interest, a number of cichlid tribes have few representatives in the lake. Some of those, namely Oreochromini (ex-Tilapiini), Haplochromini and Tylochromini, reach higher species numbers in riverine systems. Conversely, the phylogenetic position of the monospecific and endemic Boulengerochromini is unclear. The oreochromines Oreochromis tanganicae and Oreochromis niloticus, the haplochromine Astatotilapia burtoni, the tylochromine Tylochromis polylepis and the boulengerochromine Boulengerochromis microlepis, the largest cichlid species worldwide, were surveyed for ancyrocephalid monogenean gill parasites. Five new species are proposed. Cichlidogyrus gillardinae sp. n. is described from A. burtoni, Cichlidogyrus mbirizei sp. n. from O. tanganicae and Cichlidogyrus nshomboi sp. n. from B. microlepis. T. polylepis harbours Cichlidogyrus mulimbwai sp. n., Cichlidogyrus muzumanii sp. n. and a third, presently undescribed species. Four species known from outside the Tanganyika Basin were retrieved on the oreochromines. The host species are scientific models or important in the sectors of fisheries or ornamental fish trade. Moreover, their phylogenetic positions render them well-suited to help elucidate the historic relationships between riverine and lacustrine African cichlids. In this framework, their Cichlidogyrus fauna is compared to congeners known from African rivers and to the few Tanganyika representatives described. While the parasites of Oreochromis, A. burtoni and T. polylepis are reminiscent of those infecting related hosts throughout Africa, B. microlepis hosts a Cichlidogyrus morphotype typical of Lake Tanganyika. This supports its placement within an endemic cichlid radiation.


Democratic Republic Male Copulatory Organ Accessory Piece Ventral Anchor Dorsal Anchor 
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T. Huyse, F.A.M. Volckaert, J.A.M. Raeymaekers (KU Leuven), J. Snoeks, G. Caporal Banyankimbona (KU Leuven/RMCA), C. Sturmbauer (Karl-Franzens University of Graz, Austria), C. Gillardin (ZAVO), L. Makasa (Lake Tanganyika Research Station, Mpulungu, Zambia), V. Nshombo Muderhwa, T. Mulimbwa N’sibula, D. Muzumani Risasi, J. Mbirize Ndalozibwa, V. Lumami Kapepula and J. Lushombo Matabaro (CRH, Uvira, Democratic Republic of the Congo) are gratefully acknowledged for scientific and logistical contributions to this work. M.P.M.V. and M.V.S. are Ph.D. fellows of the Research Foundation—Flanders (FWO—Vlaanderen). Fieldwork was partly funded by two travel grants from the Research Foundation—Flanders (to M.P.M.V.) and two from the King Leopold III Fund for Nature Conservation and Exploration (to M.P.M.V. and M.V.S.). F.M.B. received financial support from IRD (BEST) for a training session in France, during which this manuscript was elaborated.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fidel Muterezi Bukinga
    • 1
    • 2
  • Maarten P. M. Vanhove
    • 3
    • 4
  • Maarten Van Steenberge
    • 3
    • 4
  • Antoine Pariselle
    • 5
  1. 1.Section de Parasitologie, Département de BiologieCentre de Recherche en HydrobiologieUviraDemocratic Republic Congo
  2. 2.BujumburaBurundi
  3. 3.Laboratory of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Genomics, Department of BiologyKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  4. 4.Ichthyology Unit, African Zoology DepartmentRoyal Museum for Central AfricaTervurenBelgium
  5. 5.ISE-M, UMR5554 CNRS, UR226 IRD, Université Montpellier II—CC 063Montpellier, Cedex 5France

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