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Parasitology Research

, Volume 110, Issue 1, pp 373–380 | Cite as

Species diversity and geographic distribution of hard ticks (Acari: Ixodoidea: Ixodidae) infesting domestic ruminants, in Qazvin Province, Iran

  • Khadijeh ShemshadEmail author
  • Javad Rafinejad
  • Karim Kamali
  • Norayer Piazak
  • Mohammad Mahdi Sedaghat
  • Masoomeh Shemshad
  • Akbar Biglarian
  • Fathollah Nourolahi
  • Enshallah Valad Beigi
  • Ahmad Ali Enayati
Original Paper

Abstract

This report presents the results of the first faunistic study of hard ticks in Qazvin province of Iran. The primary objective was to determine the species diversity and geographic distribution of hard ticks that parasitize domestic ruminants. Information about the abiotic preferences of these species has been provided. A total of 286 cattle, 1,053 goats, and 2,050 sheep were examined in 13 villages in 28 flocks distributed throughout the studied areas. Total direct body collections of ticks were made from each domestic ruminant. A total of 228 Ixodid specimens belonging to nine species in three different genera were recorded in the areas, including Boophilus annulatus (Say, 1821), Hyalomma anatolicum Koch, 1844, Hyalomma asiaticum (Schulze and Schlettke, 1929), Hyalomma detritum Schulze, 1919, Hyalomma dromedarii Koch, 1844, Hyalomma marginatum Koch 1844, Hyalomma schulzei Olenev, 1931, Rhipicephalus bursa Canestrini and Fanz, 1878 and Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806). The most abundant species on sheep was R. sanguineus (46.92%), while B. annulatus (6.6%) found only on cattle. A finding of great significance was that R. sanguineus, the main vector of babesiosis, is firmly established throughout the counties. A further objective of the study was to compare the abundance of the major tick species on domestic ruminants. This was carried out at 19 sampling sites. The highest number of ticks was collected in July–August during the hot season.

Keywords

Tick Species Plain Area Babesia Tick Infestation Babesiosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge Dr. Charkhkar, Dr. Rezaee, Dr. Ekhtiarzadeh, and Dr. Omidvarian for their administrative support. Authors wish to express their appreciation to Dr. Yaghoobi and staff of the Abeyek Veterinary Organization for providing information about sheep flocks and logistic support. The authors wish to express their sincere thanks to Mr. Sadeghi and Mr. Asghari for their helpful hand and technical assistances in the field. The authors are also obliged to rural people and shepherds of the study areas for their cooperation and permission to collect ticks during the entire study period.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khadijeh Shemshad
    • 1
    Email author
  • Javad Rafinejad
    • 2
  • Karim Kamali
    • 3
  • Norayer Piazak
    • 4
  • Mohammad Mahdi Sedaghat
    • 2
  • Masoomeh Shemshad
    • 5
  • Akbar Biglarian
    • 6
  • Fathollah Nourolahi
    • 7
  • Enshallah Valad Beigi
    • 7
  • Ahmad Ali Enayati
    • 8
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyScience and Research Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public HealthTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Entomology, School of AgricultureIslamic Azad University, Science and Research BranchTehranIran
  4. 4.Parasitology DepartmentPasteur Institute of IranTehranIran
  5. 5.Department of Agricultural Extension, School of AgricultureIslamic Azad University, Science and Research BranchTehranIran
  6. 6.Department of BiostatisticsUniversity of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation (USWR)TehranIran
  7. 7.Parasitic and Protozoan Diseases Control OfficeIran Veterinary organizationTehranIran
  8. 8.Department of Medical Entomology, School of Public Health and Health Sciences Research CentreMazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran

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