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Parasitology Research

, Volume 109, Issue 2, pp 505–508 | Cite as

Disseminated angiostrongylosis with massive cardiac and cerebral involvement in a dog from Italy

  • Elvio Lepri
  • Fabrizia Veronesi
  • Donato Traversa
  • Maria Beatrice Conti
  • Maria Chiara Marchesi
  • Arianna Miglio
  • Maria Teresa Mandara
Short Communication

Abstract

A case of disseminated angiostrongylosis caused by Angiostrongylus vasorum in a dog living in Italy is here described. The dog was referred for severe respiratory distress and epileptic seizures; clinicopathological findings were consistent with severe pneumonia associated with right-sided heart failure and multifocal involvement of the brain. Bronchoalveolar fluid analysis identified a multitude of nematode larvae, identified as A. vasorum by conventional and biomolecular (PCR) methods. The major anatomo-histopathological lesions were chronic granulomatous pneumonia, a severe multifocal granulomatous myocarditis and multifocal mild vascular and inflammatory disease in the brain. A. vasorum should be included among the differentials of dogs with cardiovascular and neurologic disease.

Keywords

Reference Range Parasitic Burden Severe Respiratory Distress Total Nucleate Cell Nematode Larva 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge Dr. Rossano Maccioni, DVM, for referring the case.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elvio Lepri
    • 1
  • Fabrizia Veronesi
    • 1
  • Donato Traversa
    • 3
  • Maria Beatrice Conti
    • 2
  • Maria Chiara Marchesi
    • 2
  • Arianna Miglio
    • 2
  • Maria Teresa Mandara
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biopathological Science and Hygiene of Animal and Food Productions Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of PerugiaPerugiaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Veterinary Clinic, Diagnostic and Pathology Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of PerugiaPerugiaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of veterinary MedicineUniversity of TeramoTeramoItaly

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