Parasitology Research

, Volume 109, Issue 2, pp 339–343

Bioactivity of essential oils of Zingiber officinalis and Achyranthes aspera against mosquitoes

  • Abhay J. Khandagle
  • Vrushali S. Tare
  • Kishor D. Raut
  • Rashmi A. Morey
Original Paper

Abstract

Due to the global health problems associated with mosquito-borne diseases, over two million people primarily in the tropical countries are at risk. The widely and commonly used chemical method though effective, has some major disadvantages making insect control practically difficult. In view of the above, it is unavoidable to search for new molecules, which are eco-friendly, cheaper, and safer. The present study deals with evaluation of bioactive potential of two commonly occurring plants against mosquitoes presenting an alternative to the conventional chemical methods. Essential oils extracted by steam distillation from rhizome of Zingiber officinalis and leaf and stem of Achyranthes aspera were evaluated for larvicidal, attractant/repellent, and oviposition attractant/deterrent activity against two mosquito species viz. Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus. The highest larvicidal activity, i.e., LC50 = 154 ppm and LC50 = 197 ppm for A. aegypti and C. quinquefasciatus, respectively was shown by Z. officinalis. This oil also offers 5-h protection at the concentration of 0.5 mg/cm² from both mosquito species. The highest oviposition deterrence activity was exhibited by A. aspera stem oil, i.e., 100% and 85.71%, in case of A. aegypti and C. quinquefasciatus, respectively, at the concentration of 0.1%. These results reveal that both these oils have control potential against A. aegypti and C. quinquefasciatus.

References

  1. Bagavan A, Rahuman AA, Kamaraj C, Geetha K (2008) Larvicidal activity of saponin from Achyranthes aspera against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitol Res 103:223–229PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bowers WS (1992) Biorational approaches for insect control. Korean J Appl Entomol 31:289–303Google Scholar
  3. Brown AWA (1986) Insecticide resistance in mosquitoes: a pragmatic review. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 2:123–139PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Farnsworth NR, Bingel AS (1977) Natural products and plant drugs with pharmacological, biological or therapeutic activity. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  5. Finney DJ (1971) Probit analysis, 3rd edn. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  6. Fisher PR (1991) The role of gaseous metabolites in phototaxis by Dictyostelium discoideum slugs. FEMS Microbiol Lett 77:117–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fradin MS, Day JF (2002) Comparative efficiency of insect repellents against mosquito bites. N Engl J Med 347:13–18PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Goyal B, Goyal R, Ramesh K, Mehta A (2007) Phyto-pharmacology of Achyranthes aspera: a review. Pharmacol Rev 1(1):143–150Google Scholar
  9. Hebbalkar DS, Sharma RN, Joshi VS, Bhat VS (1992) Mosquito repellent activity of oils from Vitex negundo Linn leaves. Indian J Med Res 95:200–203PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Khandagle AJ (2008) Eco-friendly products for insect pest/vector management. PhD Thesis. Shivaji University, KolhapurGoogle Scholar
  11. Mathew N, Anitha MG, TSl B, Sivakumar SM, Narmadha R, Kalyanasundaram M (2009) Larvicidal activity of Saraca indica, Nyctanthes arbor-tristis, and Clitoria ternatea extracts against three mosquito vector species. Parasitol Res 104:1017–1025PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mehra BK, Hiradhar PK (2002) Cuscuta hyalina Roth., an insect development inhibitor against common house mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus Say. J Environ Biol 23:335–339PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Oliveira PV, Ferreira JC Jr, Moura FS, Lima GS, de Oliveira FM, Oliveira PE, Conserva LM, Giulietti AM, Lemos RP (2010) Larvicidal activity of 94 extracts from ten plant species of northeastern of Brazil against Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitol Res 107(2):403–407PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Pushpanathan T, Jebanesean A, Govindarajan M (2006) Larvicidal, ovicidal & repellent activities of Cymbopogan citrates stapf (Graminate) essential oil against the filarial mosquito Culex quniquefasciatus (Say) (Diptera: Culicide). Trop Biomed 23(2):208–212PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Pushpanathan T, Jebanesan A, Govindarajan M (2008) The essential oil of Zingiber officinalis Linn (Zingiberaceae) as a mosquito larvicidal and repellent agent against the filarial vector Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitol Res 102(6):1289–1291PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rahuman AA, Venkatesan P (2008) Larvicidal efficacy of five cucurbitaceous plant leaf extracts against mosquito species. Parasitol Res 103:133–139PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Rahuman AA, Gopalakrishnan G, Venkatesan P, Kannappan G (2008) Larvicidal activity of some Euphorbiaceae plant extracts against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitol Res 104:1017–1025Google Scholar
  18. Rajukumar S, Jabanesan A (2005) Repellency of volatile oils from Moschosma polystachyum and Solanus xanthocarpum against filarial vector Culex quniquefasciatus Say. Trop Biomed 22(2):139–142Google Scholar
  19. Schreck CE, Mcgovern TP (1989) Repellents and other personal protection against Aedes albopictus. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 5:247–250PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Singh NP, Kumari V, Chauhan D (2003) Mosquito larvicidal properties of the leaf extract of a herbaceous plant, Ocimum canum (Family: Labitae). J Commun Dis 35(1):43–45PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Sultan M, Bhatti, Haq N, Zatar I (2005) Chemical analysis of essential oil of Ginger (Zingiber officinale). Pak J Biol Sci 8(11):1575–1578Google Scholar
  22. Tare V (1995) Bioactivity of some plant oils and their constituents on selected insect pest/vectors. Ph.D thesis, Shivaji University, KolhapurGoogle Scholar
  23. Tare V, Sharma RN (1991) Larivicidal activity of some tree oils and their common constituents against mosquito. Pesticide Res J 3(2):169–172Google Scholar
  24. Tare V, Deshpande S, Sharma R (2004) Susceptibility of two different strains of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) to plant oils. J Econ Entomol 97(3):1734–1736PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Taubes G (1997) A Mosquito bites back. New York Times MagazineGoogle Scholar
  26. Tawatsin A, Asavadachanukorn P, Thavara U, Wongsinkongman P, Bansidhi J, Boonruad T, Chavalittumrong P, Soonthornchareon N, Komalamisra N, Mulla MS (2006) Repellency of essential oils extracted from plants in Thailand against four mosquito vectors (Diptera: Culicidae) and oviposition deterrent effects against Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 37:915–931PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Thomas GT, Rao S, Lal S (2004) Mosquito larvicidal properties of essential oil of an indigenous plant, Ipomea cairica Linn. Jpn J Infect Dis 57:176–177PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Tyagi BK, Ramnath T, Shahi AK (1994) Evaluation of repellency effect of Tagetus minuta (Family: Compositae) against the vector Mosquitoes Anopheles stephensi Liston Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aedes aegypti L. Int Pest Control 39:48Google Scholar
  29. WHO (1996) Report of WHO informal consultation on evaluation and testing of insecticide (TD/WHOPES/IC/96: P 69Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abhay J. Khandagle
    • 1
  • Vrushali S. Tare
    • 2
  • Kishor D. Raut
    • 1
  • Rashmi A. Morey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyProf. Ramkrishna More CollegePuneIndia
  2. 2.EntomologyNational Chemical LaboratoryPuneIndia

Personalised recommendations