Parasitology Research

, Volume 107, Issue 6, pp 1455–1461 | Cite as

Essential oil composition and larvicidal activity of six Mediterranean aromatic plants against the mosquito Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae)

  • Barbara Conti
  • Angelo Canale
  • Alessandra Bertoli
  • Francesca Gozzini
  • Luisa Pistelli
Original Paper

Abstract

Laboratory bioassays on insecticidal activity of essential oils (EOs) extracted from six Mediterranean plants (Achillea millefolium, Lavandula angustifolia, Helichrysum italicum, Foeniculum vulgare, Myrtus communis, and Rosmarinus officinalis) were carried out against the larvae of the Culicidae mosquito Aedes albopictus. The chemical composition of the six EOs was also investigated. Results from applications showed that all tested oils had insecticidal activity, with differences in mortality rates as a function of both oil and dosage. At the highest dosage (300 ppm), EOs from H. italicum, A. millefolium, and F. vulgare caused higher mortality than the other three oils, with mortality rates ranging from 98.3% to 100%. M. communis EO induced only 36.7% larval mortality at the highest dosage (300 ppm), a similar value to those recorded at the same dosage by using R. officinalis and L. angustifolia (51.7% and 55%, respectively). Identified compounds ranged from 91% to 99%. The analyzed EOs had higher content of monoterpenoids (80–99%) than sesquiterpenes (1–15%), and they can be categorized into three groups on the basis of their composition. Few EOs showed the hydrocarbon sesquiterpenes, and these volatile compounds were generally predominant in comparison with the oxygenated forms, which were detected in lower quantities only in H. italicum (1.80%) and in M. communis (1%).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara Conti
    • 1
  • Angelo Canale
    • 1
  • Alessandra Bertoli
    • 2
  • Francesca Gozzini
    • 1
  • Luisa Pistelli
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Tree Science, Entomology and Plant Pathology “G. Scaramuzzi”University of PisaPisaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Pharmaceutical SciencesUniversity of PisaPisaItaly

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