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Parasitology Research

, Volume 107, Issue 6, pp 1421–1427 | Cite as

Modulation of immunity in mice with latent toxoplasmosis—the experimental support for the immunosuppression hypothesis of Toxoplasma-induced changes in reproduction of mice and humans

  • Šárka Kaňková
  • Vladimír Holáň
  • Alena Zajícová
  • Petr Kodym
  • Jaroslav FlegrEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

The immunosuppression hypothesis suggests that the increased sex ratio in mice and women with latent toxoplasmosis, retarded embryonic growth in the early phases of pregnancy, prolonged pregnancy of Toxoplasma-infected women, and increased prevalence of toxoplasmosis in mothers of children with Down syndrome can be explained by the presumed immunosuppressive effects of latent toxoplasmosis. Here, we searched for indices of immunosuppression in mice experimentally infected with Toxoplasma gondii. Our results showed that mice in the early phase of latent infection exhibited temporarily increased production of interleukin (IL)-12 and decreased production of IL-10. In accordance with the immunosuppression hypothesis, the mice showed decreased production of IL-2 and nitric oxide and decreased proliferation reaction (synthesis of DNA) in the mixed lymphocyte culture in the early and also in the late phases of latent toxoplasmosis. Since about 30% of the world population are latently infected by T. gondii, the toxoplasmosis-associated immunosuppression might have serious public health consequences.

Keywords

Nitric Oxide Down Syndrome Spleen Cell Infected Mouse Toxoplasmosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by grant no. 151/2006/B-Bio/PrF from the Grant Agency of Charles University and grant nos. 0021620828 and 0021620858 from the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic. The experiments comply with the current laws of Czech Republic.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Šárka Kaňková
    • 1
  • Vladimír Holáň
    • 2
  • Alena Zajícová
    • 2
  • Petr Kodym
    • 3
  • Jaroslav Flegr
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Philosophy and History of Science, Faculty of ScienceCharles University in PraguePrague 2Czech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Molecular GeneticsAcademy of SciencesPrague 4Czech Republic
  3. 3.National Reference Laboratory for ToxoplasmosisNational Institute of Public HealthPrague 10Czech Republic

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