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Parasitology Research

, Volume 106, Issue 1, pp 145–152 | Cite as

Acaricidal and insecticidal activity of essential oils on Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae) and Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

  • Natalia DamianiEmail author
  • Liesel B. Gende
  • Pedro Bailac
  • Jorge A. Marcangeli
  • Martín J. Eguaras
Original Paper

Abstract

Varroa destructor is an external parasitic mite that is a serious pest of honeybees and has caused severe losses of colonies worldwide. One of the feasible alternative treatments being used for their control is essential oils. The aim of this work was to evaluate the bioactivity of some essential oils on V. destructor and Apis mellifera in relation with their chemical composition and physicochemical properties. Lavender, lavendin and laurel essential oils showed linalool as main compound in their composition. 1,8-Cineole was also present as a predominant component in the laurel essential oil. However, thyme oil was characterized by a high concentration of thymol. Mites and bees toxicity was tested by means of complete exposure method. For mites, LC50 values for laurel, lavender and lavendin essential oil did not show significant variation throughout all observation times. However, the LC50 values for thyme oil at 48 and 72 h were lower than at 24 h. Bee mortality was evident only in treatment with thyme oil. At 48 and 72 h, lavender essential oil presented better selectivity indexes. In this research, all essential oils caused mite mortality without severe harmful effects on adult bees. The simultaneous evaluation of the physicochemical analysis of the essential oils, the characterization of the dosage response relationships among them, and the mortality effects on mite and bees, give us the possibility to obtain comparative results for future research in Varroa control.

Keywords

Linalool Thymol Head Louse Varroa Destructor Selectivity Ratio 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would to thank Diana Fasce (INTEMA) for providing the IR spectra. This study was supported by PICT REDES 00890.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalia Damiani
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Liesel B. Gende
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pedro Bailac
    • 3
  • Jorge A. Marcangeli
    • 1
  • Martín J. Eguaras
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Artrópodos. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y NaturalesUniversidad Nacional de Mar del PlataMar del PlataArgentina
  2. 2.Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)Buenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias Económico-SocialesUniversidad Nacional de San Luis, INTEQUI-CONICETVilla MercedesArgentina

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