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Parasitology Research

, Volume 105, Supplement 1, pp 101–114 | Cite as

Occurrence of Dirofilaria immitis and Tick-Borne Infections Caused by Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and Ehrlichia canis in Domestic Dogs in France: Results of a Countrywide Serologic Survey

  • Nikola Pantchev
  • Roland Schaper
  • Sandy Limousin
  • Nina Norden
  • Miriam Weise
  • Leif Lorentzen
Article

Abstract

The occurrence of Dirofilaria immitis antigen and antibodies against tick-borne pathogens in French dogs has been analysed based on 1,050 blood samples. Serum samples of 919 dogs (group A) were sent for a variety of diagnostic investigations, further 131 dogs (group B) were tested for a tentative diagnosis of heartworm disease. All samples were tested for D. immitis antigen. Samples in group A were also tested for specific antibodies against three tick-borne pathogens (Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and Ehrlichia canis). Results were plotted in geographical maps. Occurrence of D. immitis antigen in group A (0.22 %; 95 % CI: 0.03–0.78 %) was significantly lower (p < 0.0001) than in group B (6.87 %; 95 % CI: 3.19–12.64 %). Heartworm infections in both groups were regionally restricted to the areas of Bouches-du-Rhône in the South of France and Corsica. In group A, the calculated seroprevalence was 2.72 % (95 % CI: 1.77–3.99 %) for A. phagocytophilum, 1.09 % (95 % CI: 0.52–1.99 %) for B. burgdorferi and 0.33 % (95 % CI: 0.07–0.95 %) for E. canis with a distribution of the positive cases throughout the country. This study represents the first data of A. phagocytophilum seroprevalence in the French dog population.

Keywords

Canis Lyme Disease Borrelia Burgdorferi Ehrlichiosis IDEXX Laboratory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikola Pantchev
    • 1
  • Roland Schaper
    • 2
  • Sandy Limousin
    • 3
  • Nina Norden
    • 4
  • Miriam Weise
    • 1
  • Leif Lorentzen
    • 5
  1. 1.Vet Med Labor GmbHDivision of IDEXX LaboratoriesLudwigsburgGermany
  2. 2.Bayer Animal Health GmbHLeverkusenGermany
  3. 3.Bayer Santé Division Santé AnimalePuteaux CedexFrance
  4. 4.IDEXX LaboratoriesWetherbyUK
  5. 5.IDEXX LaboratoriesWestbrookUSA

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