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Parasitology Research

, 105:63 | Cite as

Current Surveys on the Prevalence and Distribution of Dirofilaria spp. in Dogs in Germany

  • Nikola PantchevEmail author
  • Nina Norden
  • Leif Lorentzen
  • Marco Rossi
  • Ulrike Rossi
  • Bastian Brand
  • Viktor Dyachenko
Article

Abstract

The Central Upper-Rhine (Baden-Württemberg, Germany) is one of the warmest regions in Germany and also harbours abundant numbers of mosquitoes. Case reports on presumably autochthonous occurrence of Dirofilaria spp. were reported previously and were a reason for a further investigation into the occurrence of vector-borne pathogens. For this purpose, 44 hunting dogs from the Central Upper-Rhine region were tested between 4th and 29th June 2007. The blood samples were tested using the Knott’s test and IDEXX SNAP® 4Dx® test. The Knott’s test revealed unsheathed microfilaria identified as Dirofilaria repens by PCR in 3 dogs with no history of travelling (6.8%; 95% CI: 2.4–18.2%). The seroprevalence for Anaplasma phagocytophilum was 43.2% (95% CI: 29.7–57.8%), but only 4.5% (95% CI: 1.3–15.1%) for antibodies to Borrelia C6 peptide. Dirofilaria immitis antigen was not detected in any of the samples. A further 288 blood samples from non-hunting companion dogs of the Central Upper-Rhine region were tested negative for heartworm antigen between February and August 2007.

Keywords

Borrelia Burgdorferi Anaplasma Phagocytophilum IDEXX Laboratory Autochthonous Case Heartworm Antigen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikola Pantchev
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nina Norden
    • 2
  • Leif Lorentzen
    • 3
  • Marco Rossi
    • 4
  • Ulrike Rossi
    • 4
  • Bastian Brand
    • 4
  • Viktor Dyachenko
    • 5
  1. 1.Vet Med Labor GmbH, Division of IDEXX LaboratoriesLudwigsburgGermany
  2. 2.IDEXX LaboratoriesWetherbyUK
  3. 3.IDEXX LaboratoriesWestbrookUSA
  4. 4.Kleintierpraxis Dr. RossiLinkenheim-HochstettenGermany
  5. 5.Institut für ParasitologieUniversität LeipzigLeipzigGermany

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