Resistance of different fungal structures of Duddingtonia flagrans to the digestive process and predatory ability on larvae of Haemonchus contortus and Strongyloides papillosus in goat feces
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The dynamics of the passage of conidia, chlamydospores, and mycelia of the fungus Duddingtonia flagrans through the digestive tracts of goats was evaluated. Four groups with five goats each were formed. In the group conidia, each animal received 1 × 106 D. flagrans conidia per kilogram of live weight. In the group chlamydospore, each animal received 1 × 106 chlamydospores per kilogram of live weight. In the group mycelia, each animal received 1 g of mycelium mass per kilogram of live weight. In the control group, the animals received no fungal structure. Feces were obtained 3 h before and 12, 24, 30, 36, 42, 48, 60, 72, 84, and 96 h after the inoculation. The feces were placed in Petri dishes containing water-agar. The Petri dishes were examined to detect the fungus and trapped nematodes. A second trial evaluated the effect of the fungal structures on the number of gastrointestinal larvae of Haemonchus contortus and Strongyloides papillosus harvested from the fecal cultures of the goats. The feces were obtained from the goats in the 12–24, 24–30, 30–36, 42–48, 60–72, 72–84, and 84–96 intervals after the inoculation. D. flagrans survived the digestive process of the goats and maintained its predatory activity, being observed from 12 to 96 h before inoculation in the animals that received chlamydospores and conidia.
KeywordsLarval Development Infective Larva Predatory Activity Fungal Structure Nematophagous Fungus
The authors are grateful to CNPq and Fapemig for financial support.
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