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Parasitology Research

, Volume 104, Issue 1, pp 149–153 | Cite as

Efficacy of Azadirachta indica extracts against Boophilus microplus

  • Rahul Srivastava
  • S. GhoshEmail author
  • D. B. Mandal
  • P. Azhahianambi
  • P. S. Singhal
  • N. N. Pandey
  • D. Swarup
Original Paper

Abstract

Extracts were prepared from leaf, bark, and seed of Azadirachta indica, leaf and seed of Prunus persica, bark of Mangifera indica, and leaf of Psidium guajava and were evaluated against Boophilus microplus. Of the eight extracts screened, the extracts prepared from the A. indica seed showed very high level of efficacy (80%) after 5 h of treatment. Besides the immediate effect on adult ticks, the egg-laying properties of the survived ticks was also assessed, and a significant reduction (P < 0.01) in the reproductive index of ticks fed on animals treated with A. indica seed extracts was noted in comparison to control. The efficacy of the neem seed extracts was compared with the commonly used synthetic pyrethroids, and comparable efficacy against B. microplus fed on animals treated with neem seed extracts and acaricide treated was noted. The possibility of using the extracts in IPM format for the management of ticks is discussed.

Keywords

Cypermethrin Curcuma Longa Tick Infestation Babesiosis Neem Seed 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment

Sincere thanks are due to Indian Council of Agricultural Research for providing financial support for conducting the experiment. Authors are grateful to Prof. Abdalla Latif of Ondersport Veterinary University, South Africa for providing valuable literature. The publication of the work is partially supported by National Agricultural Innovation Project.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rahul Srivastava
    • 1
  • S. Ghosh
    • 2
    Email author
  • D. B. Mandal
    • 1
  • P. Azhahianambi
    • 2
  • P. S. Singhal
    • 3
  • N. N. Pandey
    • 1
  • D. Swarup
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of MedicineIndian Veterinary Research InstituteIzatnagarIndia
  2. 2.Entomology Laboratory, Division of Veterinary ParasitologyIndian Veterinary Research InstituteIzatnagarIndia
  3. 3.Department of Animal Reproduction, Gynecology & ObstetricsGobind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and TechnologyUttarakhandIndia

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